A Good Comrade

Author: Roger Gough
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845110581
Size: 30.19 MB
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A Good Comrade. Few political lives have been as dramatic, or as marked by sudden changes of fortune, as that of Janos Kadar. Was Kadar--Hungary's communist leader from 1956 to 1988--an ambitious, ruthless party functionary or a tragic visionary? In this, the first biography in English since the collapse of the Soviet bloc, Roger Gough paints a vivid picture of Kadar's personality and career, while analyzing his significance for Hungary and his place in the history of European communism.

1956

Author: Simon Hall
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608109498
Size: 69.77 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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1956. 1956 war eines der außergewöhnlichsten Jahre des 20. Jahrhunderts: Rund um den Globus erhoben die Menschen ihre Stimmen, um »Freiheit« zu fordern. Simon Hall schildert die turbulenten Ereignisse dieses Jahres und entfaltet zugleich das große Panorama einer Zeitenwende. Wie 1789 und 1848 war das Jahr 1956 ein Jahr revolutionärer Umbrüche, das die Welt von Grund auf veränderte. Wichtige Ereignisse waren beispielsweise: -In Montgomery (Alabama) erzwingen schwarze Amerikaner unter Martin Luther King die Aufhebung der Rassentrennung. -20. Parteitag der KPdSU: Geheimrede Chruschtschows, die mit ihrer Kritik an Stalin die Einheit des Ostblocks gefährdete. -Suez-Krise: britisch-französisch-israelischer Angriff auf Ägypten -Tunesien und Marokko werden in die Unabhängigkeit entlassen -Kampf gegen die Apartheid in Südafrika: Die Freiheits-Charta für ein nichtrassistisches demokratisches Südafrika wird verabschiedet. -Die Jugend rebelliert gegen überkommene Werte, neue Formen der Jugendkultur entstehen; Rock'n'Roll spaltet die Generationen. -Freiheitsbewegungen im Ostblock: der polnische »Frühling im Oktober« (Generalstreik in Posen) -Ungarnaufstand (23. Oktober Beginn der revolutionären Unruhen in Ungarn, 4./11. November: Niederschlagung durch Sowjettruppen) -Landung der Rebellen unter Fidel Castro und Che Guevara auf Kuba

Ostmitteleuropa Im 19 Und 20 Jahrhundert

Author: Joachim von Puttkamer
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 3486702068
Size: 42.84 MB
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Ostmitteleuropa Im 19 Und 20 Jahrhundert. Der Band gibt eine kompakte Einführung in die Grundlinien der ostmitteleuropäischen Geschichte seit dem späten 18. Jahrhundert. In der bewährten Dreiteilung der Reihe diskutiert Joachim von Puttkamer zentrale Forschungsprobleme von Staat und Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, Nation und Erinnerungskultur in einer hochkomplexen Region und bietet Einblicke in aktuelle historische Kontroversen unserer östlichen Nachbarn. Die vergleichende Zusammenschau der polnischen, tschechischen, slowakischen und ungarischen Geschichte erschließt Konvergenzen und Divergenzen der ostmitteleuropäischen Adelsgesellschaften in ihrer Entwicklung zu den Demokratien der Gegenwart. So bietet der Band einen gewichtigen Beitrag zur Diskussion über die historischen Regionen Europas.

Stalin S American Spy

Author: Tony Sharp
Publisher: Hurst
ISBN: 184904497X
Size: 74.24 MB
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Stalin S American Spy. Stalin's American Spy tells the remarkable story of Noel Field, a Soviet agent in the US State Department in the mid-1930s. Lured to Prague in May 1949, he was kidnapped and handed over to the Hungarian secret police. Tortured by them and interrogated too by their Soviet superiors, Field's forced 'confessions' were manipulated by Stalin and his East European satraps to launch a devastating series of show-trials that led to the imprisonment and judicial murder of numerous Czechoslovak, German, Polish and Hungarian party members. Yet there were other events in his very strange career that could give rise to the suspicion that Field was an American spy who had infiltrated the Communist movement at the behest of Allen Dulles, the wartime OSS chief in Switzerland who later headed the CIA. Never tried, Field and his wife were imprisoned in Budapest until 1954, then granted political asylum in Hungary, where they lived out their sterile last years. This new biography takes a fresh look at Field's relationship with Dulles, and his role in the Alger Hiss affair. It sheds fresh light upon Soviet espionage in the United States and Field's relationship with Hede Massing, Ignace Reiss and Walter Krivitsky. It also reassesses how the increasingly anti-Semitic East European show-trials were staged and dissects the 'lessons" which Stalin sought to convey through them.

Hungary And The Ussr 1956 1988

Author: Andrew Felkay
Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group
ISBN:
Size: 25.12 MB
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Hungary And The Ussr 1956 1988. In this comprehensive analysis of Hungarian political and economic developments over the past 30 years, Felkay focuses on the role played by the country's long-tenured Communist leader Janos Kadar.

The Routledge Handbook Of The Cold War

Author: Artemy M. Kalinovsky
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134700652
Size: 63.82 MB
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The Routledge Handbook Of The Cold War. This new Handbook offers a wide-ranging overview of current scholarship on the Cold War, with essays from many leading scholars. The field of Cold War history has consistently been one of the most vibrant in the field of international studies. Recent scholarship has added to our understanding of familiar Cold War events, such as the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis and superpower détente, and shed new light on the importance of ideology, race, modernization, and transnational movements. The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War draws on the wealth of new Cold War scholarship, bringing together essays on a diverse range of topics such as geopolitics, military power and technology and strategy. The chapters also address the importance of non-state actors, such as scientists, human rights activists and the Catholic Church, and examine the importance of development, foreign aid and overseas assistance. The volume is organised into nine parts: Part I: The Early Cold War Part II: Cracks in the Bloc Part III: Decolonization, Imperialism and its Consequences Part IV: The Cold War in the Third World Part V: The Era of Detente Part VI: Human Rights and Non-State Actors Part VII: Nuclear Weapons, Technology and Intelligence Part VIII: Psychological Warfare, Propaganda and Cold War Culture Part IX: The End of the Cold War This new Handbook will be of great interest to all students of Cold War history, international history, foreign policy, security studies and IR in general.

Hungary 1956 Forty Years On

Author: Terry Cox
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780714647661
Size: 39.37 MB
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Hungary 1956 Forty Years On. This collection of new articles offers a retrospective view of the events of the 1956 revolution in Hungary, the consequences they have had for Hungary's political development since, and the significance of 1956 in current Hungarian politics. Different articles draw on the findings of various kinds of research, including work in documentary and archival collections that have only recently been opened up, sociological survey research, and in some cases, on personal reminiscences as well.

The First Domino

Author: Johanna Cushing Granville
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9781585442980
Size: 13.21 MB
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The First Domino. http://www.johannagranville.com A Fascinating Analysis Based on Newly Declassified Documents from the Former USSR and Communist Bloc On October 23-24 and November 3-4, 1956, the Soviet Union invaded Hungary to reassert strict communist rule. The First Domino: International Decision Making during the Hungarian Crisis of 1956 is the first analytical monograph in English drawing on new archival collections from East bloc countries to reinterpret decision making during this Cold War crisis. Johanna Granville selects four key patterns of misperception as laid out by Columbia University political scientist Robert Jervis and shows how these patterns prevailed in the military crackdown and in other countries' reactions to it. Granville perceptively examines the statements and actions of Soviet Presidium members, the Hungarian leadership, U.S. policy makers, and even Yugoslav and Polish leaders. According to Granville, Soviet first secretary Nikita Khrushchev zigzagged ineptly between policy options with apparently little or no analysis of costs and risks, permitting Moscow's Eastern European satellites at times to subtly manipulate the Kremlin's decision making. Granville's discussions of Polish policy, Yugoslav actions, and the arduous process of normalization after the uprising show that the Soviets were preoccupied with stemming what many of them construed as a Western-encouraged attempt to undermine Eastern Europe's communist regimes. Granville concludes that the United States bears some responsibility for the events of 1956, as ill-advised U.S. covert actions may have convinced the Soviet leaders that the United States was attempting to weaken Soviet hegemony over Eastern Europe, although the Eisenhower administration actually intended only to sow confusion and dissatisfaction. This masterful study leads to the conclusion that the Hungarian Crisis in 1956 was most likely sustained by self-perpetuating misperceptions and suspicions among key countries. In short, Granville's multi-archival research tends to confirm the post-revisionists' theory about the cold war: it was everyone's fault and no one's fault. It resulted from the emerging bipolar structure of the international system, the power vacuum in Europe's center, and spiraling misconceptions.

The 1956 Hungarian Revolution

Author: Csaba Békés
Publisher: Central European University Press
ISBN: 9789639241664
Size: 26.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The 1956 Hungarian Revolution. If there had been all-news television channels in 1956, viewers around the world would have been glued to their sets between October 23 and November 4. This book tells the story of the Hungarian Revolution in 120 original documents, ranging from the minutes of the first meeting of Khrushchev with Hungarian bosses after Stalin's death in 1953 to Yeltsin's declaration made in 1992. Other documents include letters from Yuri Andropov, Soviet Ambassador in Budapest during and after the revolt. The great majority of the material appears in English for the first time, and almost all come from archives that were inaccessible until the 1990s.

Eine H Here Pflicht

Author: Adam Makos
Publisher: Riva Verlag
ISBN: 3864135311
Size: 64.10 MB
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Eine H Here Pflicht. Sie sind erbitterte Feinde, als sie am 20. Dezember 1943 in über acht Kilometern Höhe aufeinandertreffen: der Amerikaner Charlie Brown in seinem vom Flakfeuer schwer beschädigten B-17-Bomber und der deutsche Jagdflieger Franz Stigler, der den gegnerischen Piloten einfach nur vom Himmel holen müsste, – doch er tut es nicht. Stattdessen gibt Stigler dem Bomber Geleit über die deutsche Flugabwehr hinweg bis auf die Nordsee hinaus und rettet Brown und seiner gesamten Besatzung das Leben. Die Geschichte der beiden Fliegerasse ist Legende. Und sie ist wahr. Der Historiker und Journalist Adam Makos hat sich, unterstützt von Starautor Larry Alexander, jahrelang bis ins kleinste Detail mit den Ereignissen beschäftigt und die Beteiligten getroffen. Eine höhere Pflicht ist kein Buch über einen kurzen Augenblick des Mitleids, sondern ein Buch darüber, was es bedeutet, in einem Krieg Pilot zu sein, und was für einer Pflichtverletzung es gleichkam, so zu handeln, wie es Franz Stigler richtig erschien. Es ist ein Buch auch über die Freundschaft, die Charlie Brown und Franz Stigler seit ihrem Wiedersehen 1990 verband – bis zu ihrem Tod 2008. Die wunderbare Geschichte eines deutschen Helden.