Meetinghouses Of Early New England

Author: Peter Benes
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
ISBN: 1558499105
Size: 63.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Meetinghouses Of Early New England. Built primarily for public religious exercises, New England's wood-frame meetinghouses nevertheless were closely wedded to the social and cultural fabric of the neighborhood and fulfilled multiple secular purposes for much of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. As the only municipal building in the community, these structures provided locations for town and parish meetings. They also hosted criminal trials, public punishments and executions, and political and religious protests, and on occasion they served as defensive forts, barracks, hospitals, and places to store gunpowder. Today few of these once ubiquitous buildings survive. Based on site visits and meticulous documentary research, Meetinghouses of Early New England identifies more than 2,200 houses of worship in the region during the period from 1622 to 1830, bringing many of them to light for the first time. Within this framework Peter Benes addresses the stunning but ultimately impermanent blossoming of a New England "vernacular" tradition of ecclesiastical/ municipal architecture. He pinpoints the specific European antecedents of the seventeenth-century New England meetinghouse and traces their evolution through the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries into Congregational, Presbyterian, and Baptist churches heavily influenced by an Anglican precedent that made a place of worship a "house of God." Undertaking a parish-by-parish examination, Benes draws on primary sources--original records, diaries, and contemporary commentators--to determine which religious societies in the region advocated (or resisted) this evolution, tying key shifts in meetinghouse architecture to the region's shifting liturgical and devotional practices.

New York 1880

Author: Robert A. M. Stern
ISBN: 9781580930277
Size: 22.34 MB
Format: PDF
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New York 1880. "New York 1880 definitively presents the buildings and master plans that transformed New York from a harbor town into a world-class metropolis. The book is generously illustrated with over 1,200 archival photographs that show the city as it was; through a broad range of primary sources - critics and writers, architects, planners, and government officials - New York City tells its own complex story."--BOOK JACKET.

The City As Campus

Author: Sharon Haar
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 0816665648
Size: 27.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The City As Campus. A social and design history of the urban campus.


Author: Paul Venable Turner
Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
Size: 24.33 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Campus. "Campus is an exciting guide to a distinctive type of architectural planning, one that has reflected changing educational ideals from Colonial times to the present, and - as the embodiment of the ideal community - has often expressed utopian social visions of America.Organized chronologically, "Campus looks at new patterns of open planning at Harvard, William and Mary, and Yale; the ambitious scale and dramatic setting of schools such as the University of Virginia; the park-like campuses of the land-grant colleges that represented a democratic reaction against elitist traditions; the Beaux-Arts campuses of Columbia University and the universities of California and Minnesota; the enclosed Gothic quadrangle at Universities like Princeton; and at the more recent flexible and dynamic campus plans that are a response to new educational needs.Among the architects and planners whose work is examined are Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Alexander Jackson Davis, Frederick Law Olmsted, Ralph Adams Cram, Cope & Stewardson, Charles Z. Klauder, James Gamble Rogers, Frank Lloyd Wright, Eero Saarinen, Skidmore Owings and Merrill, William Turnbull, and Charles Moore.Paul Venable Turner is Professor of Architectural History at Stanford University. An Architectural History Foundation Book.