Civil Society In The Middle East 2 2001

Author: Augustus Richard Norton
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004104693
Size: 40.81 MB
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Civil Society In The Middle East 2 2001 . Leading scholars assembled by the Civil Society in the Middle East program provide lucid, informed essays on the quality of political life, weighing the role of civil society and assessing the prospects for political reform in the Middle East.

Civil Society And Women Activists In The Middle East

Author: Wanda Krause
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857732145
Size: 32.93 MB
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Civil Society And Women Activists In The Middle East. In the Middle East, and in Egypt in particular, there has always been a tendency to accord complete supremacy to the authority and might of the state, and to see ‘society’ as a separate, powerless entity. However, after the uprisings which began in early 2011, this assumption was turned on its head. And it is the wide range of political activity beyond the remit of the official state where Wanda Krause locates a dynamic potential for political change from the bottom up. She looks in particular at the influential role of women’s private voluntary organisations in shaping concepts of civil society and democracy, contextualizing their demands within a situation which sees the neglect of services and basic needs of the poor by the Egyptian state. Since the late 1970s, beginning with the Bread Riots, Egyptian unskilled and skilled labourers, factory workers and civil servants have carried out a number of strikes and demonstrations - many prompted by women. And in the twenty-first century, with the rumours that Hosni Mubarak would attempt to devolve power to his son, Gamal Mubarak, protests increased, culminating in the extraordinary scenes on Tahrir Square. Here, Krause explores the role of the female as the political actor in many of these calls for protest and reform, arguing that female activists are changing the face of Egyptian politics by instilling democratic values from the bottom up. Moreover, and as a surprise to many, it may not only be those who profess to be progressive, secular and liberal who are significant in this respect. By looking at the activities and women involved in both secular and ‘Islamist’ organizations, she offers a steadfast critique of the view that Islamic women activists are insignificant, ‘backward’ or ‘uncivil’, also pointing out the often-ignored contextual dimensions of secular feminist action. Krause’s examination of women activists in Egypt today is vital for those interested in Middle East and Gender Studies, as well as those researching the wider issues of civil society and democratization.

Civil Society

Author: Elizabeth Dunn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134827091
Size: 64.99 MB
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Civil Society. Between kinship ties on the one hand and the state on the other, human beings experience a diversity of social relationships and groupings which in modern western thought have come to be gathered under the label 'civil society'. A liberal-individualist model of civil society has become fashionable in recent years, but what can such a term mean in the late twentieth century? Civil Society argues that civil society should not be studied as a separate, 'private' realm clearly separated in opposition to the state; nor should it be confined to the institutions of the 'voluntary' or 'non-governmental' sector. A broader understanding of civil society involves the investigation of everyday social practices, often elusive power relations and the shared moralities that hold communities together. By drawing on case materials from a range of contemporary societies, including the US, Britain, four of the former Communist countries of Eastern Europe, Turkey and the Middle and Far East, Civil Society demonstrates what anthropology contributes to debates taking place throughout the social sciences; adding up to an exciting renewal of the agenda for political anthropology.

Area Studies And Social Science

Author: Mark A. Tessler
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253212825
Size: 70.78 MB
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Area Studies And Social Science. "The volume edited by Mark Tessler addresses a set of critical issues confronting all social scientists whose field of inquiry is extra-American.... Tessler and his contributors succeed admirably in their goal." —American Historical Review How should scholars construct knowledge about politics, economics, and international relations in major world regions? According to the contributors to this lively volume, the conflicting approaches of regional specialists and discipline-oriented social scientists must be combined to provide a firm foundation for studying the contemporary politics of the Middle East. Contributors are Lisa Anderson, Anne Banda, Laurie A. Brand, Laura Zittrain Eisenberg, John P. Entelis, Clement M. Henry, Magda Kandil, Baghat Korany, Jodi Nachtwey, Augustus Richard Norton, and Mark Tessler.

Hamas And Civil Society In Gaza

Author: Sara Roy
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400848946
Size: 41.40 MB
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Hamas And Civil Society In Gaza. Many in the United States and Israel believe that Hamas is nothing but a terrorist organization, and that its social sector serves merely to recruit new supporters for its violent agenda. Based on Sara Roy's extensive fieldwork in the Gaza Strip and West Bank during the critical period of the Oslo peace process, Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza shows how the social service activities sponsored by the Islamist group emphasized not political violence but rather community development and civic restoration. Roy demonstrates how Islamic social institutions in Gaza and the West Bank advocated a moderate approach to change that valued order and stability, not disorder and instability; were less dogmatically Islamic than is often assumed; and served people who had a range of political outlooks and no history of acting collectively in support of radical Islam. These institutions attempted to create civic communities, not religious congregations. They reflected a deep commitment to stimulate a social, cultural, and moral renewal of the Muslim community, one couched not only--or even primarily--in religious terms. Vividly illustrating Hamas's unrecognized potential for moderation, accommodation, and change, Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza also traces critical developments in Hamas's social and political sectors through the Second Intifada to today, and offers an assessment of the current, more adverse situation in the occupied territories. The Oslo period held great promise that has since been squandered. This book argues for more enlightened policies by the United States and Israel, ones that reflect Hamas's proven record of nonviolent community building. In a new afterword, Roy discusses how Hamas has been affected by changing regional dynamics and by recent economic and political events in Gaza, including failed attempts at reconciliation with Fatah.

Women In Civil Society

Author: W. Krause
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230615759
Size: 78.61 MB
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Women In Civil Society. Women in Civil Society: The State, Islamism and Networking in the UAE investigates how women in an Arab Gulf country prove to play a key role in how civil society takes shape with and against one another through case studies on women in state-run organizations, Islamic organizations, and networks.

Social Movements In Egypt And Iran

Author: T. Povey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137379006
Size: 76.59 MB
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Social Movements In Egypt And Iran. This book analyses the reform movement in Iran and the Egyptian opposition movement since the early 1990s in their historical contexts. It argues that the contemporary movements seen on the streets of the regions today represent the culmination of over twenty years of mobilisation by social movements.

Global Civil Society

Author: Lester M. Salamon
Publisher: Kumarian Press
Size: 10.14 MB
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Global Civil Society. In Volume Two of Global Civil Society, the Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project continues the comprehensive overview of the scope, size, composition, and financing of the nonprofit, or civil society, sector in the developing as well as the developed world. Covering thirty-six countries - fourteen in depth - with a particular focus on Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, this volume also includes new material on Europe, an updated overview, and a new Global Civil Society Index. This book will be a crucial source of information on the nonprofit sector, a key reference tool for libraries, and essential reading for nonprofit and foundation leaders, international development agency officials, and public policy makers. The data are presented in an easily accessible style, with numerous charts and tables.

Politics And Volunteering In Japan

Author: Mary Alice Haddad
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139463039
Size: 54.49 MB
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Politics And Volunteering In Japan. Politics and Volunteering begins by painting a portrait of volunteering in Japan, and demonstrates that our current understandings of civil society have been based implicitly on a U.S. model that does not adequately consider participation patterns found in other parts of the world. The book develops a theory of civic participation that, incorporates citizen attitudes about governmental and individual responsibility, with societal and governmental practices that support (or hinder) volunteer participation. This theory is tested using cross-national and sub-national statistical analysis, and it is refined through detailed case studies of volunteering in three Japanese cities. The findings are then used to build the Community Volunteerism Model, which explains and predicts both the types and rates of volunteering in communities around the world. The model is tested using four cross-national case studies (Finland, Japan, Turkey and the United States) and three sub-national case studies in Japan.