Cold War And Decolonization In Guinea 1946 1958

Author: Elizabeth Schmidt
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821417630
Size: 76.26 MB
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Cold War And Decolonization In Guinea 1946 1958. Winner of the African Politics Conference Group’s Best Book Award In September 1958, Guinea claimed its independence, rejecting a constitution that would have relegated it to junior partnership in the French Community. In all the French empire, Guinea was the only territory to vote “No.” Orchestrating the “No” vote was the Guinean branch of the Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (RDA), an alliance of political parties with affiliates in French West and Equatorial Africa and the United Nations trusts of Togo and Cameroon. Although Guinea’s stance vis-à-vis the 1958 constitution has been recognized as unique, until now the historical roots of this phenomenon have not been adequately explained. Clearly written and free of jargon, Cold War and Decolonization in Guinea argues that Guinea’s vote for independence was the culmination of a decade-long struggle between local militants and political leaders for control of the political agenda. Since 1950, when RDA representatives in the French parliament severed their ties to the French Communist Party, conservative elements had dominated the RDA. In Guinea, local cadres had opposed the break. Victimized by the administration and sidelined by their own leaders, they quietly rebuilt the party from the base. Leftist militants, their voices muted throughout most of the decade, gained preeminence in 1958, when trade unionists, students, the party’s women’s and youth wings, and other grassroots actors pushed the Guinean RDA to endorse a “No” vote. Thus, Guinea’s rejection of the proposed constitution in favor of immediate independence was not an isolated aberration. Rather, it was the outcome of years of political mobilization by activists who, despite Cold War repression, ultimately pushed the Guinean RDA to the left. The significance of this highly original book, based on previously unexamined archival records and oral interviews with grassroots activists, extends far beyond its primary subject. In illuminating the Guinean case, Elizabeth Schmidt helps us understand the dynamics of decolonization and its legacy for postindependence nation-building in many parts of the developing world. Examining Guinean history from the bottom up, Schmidt considers local politics within the larger context of the Cold War, making her book suitable for courses in African history and politics, diplomatic history, and Cold War history.

Foreign Intervention In Africa

Author: Elizabeth Schmidt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521882389
Size: 26.94 MB
Format: PDF
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Foreign Intervention In Africa. This book chronicles foreign political and military interventions in Africa from 1956 to 2010, helping readers understand the historical roots of Africa's problems.

The Oxford Handbook Of Modern African History

Author: John Parker
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667552
Size: 64.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Oxford Handbook Of Modern African History. The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.

Asa News

Author:
Publisher: African Studies Association
ISBN:
Size: 73.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Asa News.

The End Of Empire In French West Africa

Author: Tony Chafer
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
ISBN: 9781859735527
Size: 44.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The End Of Empire In French West Africa. In an effort to restore its world-power status after the humiliation of defeat and occupation, France was eager to maintain its overseas empire at the end of the Second World War. Yet just fifteen years later France had decolonized, and by 1960 only a few small island territories remained under French control. The process of decolonization in Indochina and Algeria has been widely studied, but much less has been written about decolonization in France's largest colony, French West Africa. Here, the French approach was regarded as exemplary -- that is, a smooth transition successfully managed by well intentioned French politicians and enlightened African leaders. Overturning this received wisdom, Chafer argues that the rapid unfurling of events after the Second World War was a complex , piecemeal and unpredictable process, resulting in a 'successful decolonization' that was achieved largely by accident. At independence, the winners assumed the reins of political power, while the losers were often repressed, imprisoned or silenced. This important book challenges the traditional dichotomy between 'imperial' and 'colonial' history and will be of interest to students of imperial and French history, politics and international relations, development and post-colonial studies.

D Terminants Des Conflits Et Nouvelles Formes De Pr Vention

Author: Jean-Pierre Vettovaglia
Publisher: Primento
ISBN: 280274383X
Size: 49.22 MB
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D Terminants Des Conflits Et Nouvelles Formes De Pr Vention. Faisant suite au volume I « Médiation et Facilitation dans l’espace francophone » et au volume II « Démocratie et élections dans l’espace francophone », parus dans la série « Prévention des crises et promotion de la paix », le présent ouvrage est consacré aux déterminants des conflits et à de nouvelles formes de prévention. En effet, les instruments de règlement des différends prévus par les chapitres VI et VII de la Charte des Nations Unies, parmi lesquels la médiation, devenue pour ainsi dire concomitante aux conflits, les sanctions, sans oublier la prévention précoce n’apportent que des résultats assez partiels. Et l’on sait que même un accord de paix n’empêche pas la reprise des hostilités dans la moitié des cas et dans les 3 à 5 ans qui suivent. C’est que les causes profondes de ces conflits n’ont pas été abordées. Il est devenu impératif de se pencher sur les déterminants des conflits, pris individuellement puis réenchevêtrés en chaînes explicatives de la conflictualité. Ce travail qui s’appuie sur un grand nombre d’études de cas propose une étude de systématisation des déterminants comme tentative de contribution à la doctrine de l’origine des conflits. Il s’agit de passer de la maîtrise passagère des « étincelles » au traitement en profondeur des « barils de poudre ». Une deuxième partie traite des nouveaux outils, des nouvelles démarches et chantiers, des nouveaux acteurs de la prévention précoce à même de guider notre monde vers moins de conflictualité et davantage de légitimité démocratique, vers une véritable éthique de solidarité. Pour mieux réguler notre « monde sans loi », en toute connaissance de cause. Une sélection de quelque 60 auteurs, de nationalités et de provenances diverses (Europe, Caucase, Afrique et Amérique du Nord), tous des autorités dans leur domaine de prédilection, donne à ce volume l’aspect d’une somme aujourd’hui sans équivalent dans la littérature scientifique consacrée aux conflits inter et surtout infra-étatiques.

Industrial Labor In The Colonial World

Author: Jim Jones
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books
ISBN:
Size: 77.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Industrial Labor In The Colonial World. This is the first major study of a pivotal episode in West African history, the great railroad strike of 1947-48, examined from the perspective of Africans who worked and lived along the Dakar-Niger railroad. As the first inter-territorial movement to oppose colonial rule, the railroad workers inspired pan-Africanists everywhere and prepared the way for the decolonization of French West Africa. African railroad workers operated the railroad - the major economic artery of Senegal and especially the Soudan"so they acted as intermediaries between Africans and French in colonial society. During the strike, they successfully challenged European privileges by employing a combination of French legal tactics and the railroad itself, which offered the means of transportation and communication. The workers received widespread support from other Africans, thanks to the common perception that colonial labor practices were abusive. The strikers were generally successful and their settlement became a precursor to the 1952 Overseas Labor Code that regulated working conditions in all French colonies. As the strike unfolded, however, it exposed antagonism between African politicians and labor that reappeared, often violently, at independence. Although independence came peacefully to the region served by the Dakar-Niger, the politicians completely outflanked the railroad workers and left them largely irrelevant except as a symbol of anticolonial resistance. Readers of the Sembene novel God's Bits of Wood will find their perspective of this great African novel enriched by this historical study. Those interested in railroad and labor history will find this study a rewarding experience as well.

La Piscine

Author: Roger Faligot
Publisher: Seuil
ISBN: 9782020087438
Size: 56.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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La Piscine. En bog om den franske efterretningstjenestes udvikling gennem 40 år, 1944-1984, herunder også den rolle efterretningstjenesten har spillet i Indokina og Nordafrika.