Corporate Internal Investigations

Author: Stephan Spehl
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782250751
Size: 63.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Corporate Internal Investigations. Corporate Internal Investigations have become more and more important for businesses as a means to minimise business liability risks. These liability risks often result from a managerial failure to observe a particular regulatory code. For international businesses, the obligation upon management to supervise compliance does not stop at national borders and the introduction of whistle-blowing systems within businesses is only a small step in terms of minimising the risks. The greater challenge for businesses is to examine and analyse the findings of internal investigations, and this often calls for an internal investigation to be conducted internationally. Recent cases of law enforcement by national or international authorities against companies and individuals have highlighted the legal pitfalls and boundaries of Corporate Internal Investigations. The authors of this work offer an overview of the recurring legal questions regarding internal investigations in 13 different jurisdictions (Austria, Brazil, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Indonesia, Italy, Mexico, Russia, Spain, Switzerland and USA). The book is especially concerned with the requirements for the initiation of internal investigations and the legal boundaries of different investigative measures. In addition, questions concerning data protection, employment laws, the conduct of interviews with employees and penalties for inappropriate employee conduct are described.

Data Quality

Author: United States. Government Accountability Office
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 37.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 328

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Data Quality. The U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) conducted the Count Question Resolution (CQR) program to correct errors in the count of housing units as well as dormitories and other group living facilities known as group quarters. GAO was asked to assess whether CQR was consistently implemented across the country, paying particular attention to whether the Bureau identified census errors that could have been caused by more systemic problems. GAO also evaluated how well the Bureau transitioned to CQR from an earlier quality assurance program called Full Count Review. The CQR program, which ran from June 30, 2001, to September 30, 2003, played an important role in improving the quality of data from the 2000 Census in that it corrected numbers affecting 47 states and over 1,180 governmental units. Although this is a small percentage of the nation's more than 39,000 government entities, the count revisions impacted private homes, prisons, and other dwellings and, in some cases, were significant. For example, when the Bureau deleted duplicate data on students at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and made other corrections, that state's head count dropped by 2,828 people. Similarly, CQR found that more than 1,600 people in Morehead, Kentucky, were counted in the wrong location. GAO identified several shortcomings with the CQR program, including inconsistent implementation by the Bureau's regional offices and the posting of inaccurate data to the Bureau's Web-based errata report. Moreover, while CQR found the counting of group quarters to be particularly problematic, the Bureau did not perform an active, nationwide review of these known trouble spots, and thus missed an opportunity to potentially improve the accuracy of the data for these dwellings. Further, because CQR had more stringent documentation requirements compared to a preceding program called Full Count Review, CQR rejected hundreds of unresolved full count issues, missing another opportunity to improve the data. As its plans proceed for the 2010 Census, it will be important for the Bureau to address the operational issues GAO identified. Moreover, because the data for apportionment and redistricting were later found to be flawed for some jurisdictions, it will be important for the Bureau to develop a count correction program that is designed to systematically review and correct these essential figures.

Criminal Jurisdiction Over Perpetrators Of Ship Source Pollution

Author: Alla Pozdnakova
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004209999
Size: 20.80 MB
Format: PDF
View: 629

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Criminal Jurisdiction Over Perpetrators Of Ship Source Pollution. Criminal Jurisdiction over Perpetrators of Ship-Source Pollution: International Law, State Practice and EU Harmonisation provides a thorough analysis of criminal jurisdiction over the perpetrators of ship-source pollution. Criminal sanctions for discharge violations committed by sea-going vessels represent an issue of critical concern in the field of International Law, given the many devastating pollution cases which have occurred at sea, and the multitude of complications inherent in the criminal prosecution of the perpetrators of these pollution cases. The varying substantive and geographical reach of any given State’s criminal law poses unique challenges in prosecution, addressed in a comprehensive discussion which includes limitations posed by the UN Law of the Sea Convention. Additionally, consequences arising from the potential conflict between the EU harmonization measures within the field, and UNCLOS are detailed in the monograph.