Deutschlernen In Russland Und In Den Baltischen L Ndern Vom 17 Jahrhundert Bis 1941

Author: Helmut Glück
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447058421
Size: 18.82 MB
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Deutschlernen In Russland Und In Den Baltischen L Ndern Vom 17 Jahrhundert Bis 1941. Das Deutsche war bis zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts die wichtigste und am meisten gelernte und verwendete Fremdsprache bei den Russen (sowie Weissrussen und Ukrainern), den Letten und den Esten. Bei den Litauern stand das Polnische an erster Stelle. Jahrhundertelang geschah dieser Spracherwerb vor allem im mundlichen Austausch. Im 16. Jahrhundert beginnt die Produktion von Sprachlehrmaterialien, die das Deutsche und das Russische miteinander verbinden, im 17. Jahrhundert entstehen die ersten Hilfen zum Deutschlernen in den baltischen Landern. In Livland und Estland bleibt das Deutsche bis zum ersten Weltkrieg als Sprache der Verwaltung, des hoheren Schulwesens und des Wirtschaftslebens massgeblich. Sozialer Aufstieg war dort bis ins spate 19. Jahrhundert an die Beherrschung des Deutschen gebunden. In Russland wird das Deutsche im 18. Jahrhundert zur Bildungssprache. Der Band dokumentiert die Glossare, Gesprachsfuhrer, Sprachlehrbucher, Lerngrammatiken und Worterbucher, die das Deutsche mit diesen Sprachraumen verbindet. Das verwendete Dokumentationsschema hat sich bereits bei den Vorgangerarbeiten* zu den bohmischen Landern und zu Polen bewahrt.*Helmut Gluck, Konrad SchroderDeutschlernen in den polnischen Landern vom 15. Jahrhundert bis 1918Eine teilkommentierte Bibliographie2007. XLVIII, 271 Seiten, gbISBN 978-3-447-05471-3

Mach Dich Auf Und Werde Licht Celies Nu Topi Gaiss

Author: Christiane Schiller
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
Size: 26.79 MB
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Mach Dich Auf Und Werde Licht Celies Nu Topi Gaiss . Ernst Gluck kann in vielerlei Hinsicht als eine der eindrucksvollsten Personlichkeiten des ausgehenden 17. Jahrhunderts im Baltischen Raum gelten. Geboren 1654 in Wettin bei Halle (Saale) hat er als Pfarrer in Livland die Bibel erstmals ins Lettische ubersetzt. Er ist somit fur die Letten das, was Luther fur die Deutschen war. In Russland, wohin er als Kriegsgefangener wahrend des Nordischen Krieges geraten war, erwarb er sich grosse Verdienste als Grunder des ersten russischen Gymnasiums, und nicht zuletzt war er Ziehvater von Martha Skowronska, die spater als Zarin Katharina I. den russischen Thron bestieg. In diesem Tagungsband zeichnen Historiker, Theologen, Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaftler aus der Bundesrepublik, dem Baltikum und Russland in ihren Beitragen wichtige Lebensstationen Ernst Glucks nach, und versuchen so ein umfassendes Bild von dessen Leben und Werk zu vermitteln.

The German Language In British Higher Education

Author: Sylvia Jaworska
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447060059
Size: 59.90 MB
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The German Language In British Higher Education. The discipline of German Studies in English-speaking countries is in crisis and the situation in British Higher Education can be seen as a paradigmatic example. Symptoms of the crisis are a dramatic decrease in the number of students, financial difficulties and the resulting closures of German Departments. Furthermore, the language skills which finally emerge from universities are not always satisfactory. The present book sheds light on key aspects of the institutionalised teaching and learning of German language in the UK. The first part - the macro-context - surveys the socio-political developments that have recently affected the sector of modern languages and specifically the discipline of German Studies. The second part - the micro-context -, zooms in to the teaching and learning as experienced from both students' and teachers' perspective. Ultimately, by linking the macro-analysis with the micro findings, the present book proposes a number of strategies which could contribute to the optimisation and enhancement of teaching and learning German in British Higher Education.

German Through English Eyes

Author: Nicola McLelland
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447101486
Size: 22.80 MB
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German Through English Eyes. McLelland's pioneering study charts the history of foreign language learning and teaching in the UK over five centuries (1500-2000), taking German as her case study. From the first grammar of German for English speakers, published in 1680, McLelland traces the growth in interest in German for travel and trade, and its rapid increase in prestige in the eighteenth century as a language of literary merit, before German became established in schools and universities from the second quarter of the nineteenth century onwards. Taking hundreds of textbooks as her primary sources, as well as the pronouncements of teachers, examiners and policy-makers, McLelland considers the changing reasons for teaching and learning German, and the consequent changes in teaching methods (including the influence of the Reform Movement around 1900, innovations such as language laboratories, and, more recently, the communicative approach). She analyses changes in how the German language was presented, including advances in how the sound system and word order were described. Finally, and crucially, she considers how German culture and history have been represented to English-speaking learners, particularly over the past hundred years, a century of troubled Anglo-German cultural relations. A chronological bibliography of several hundred textbooks for the period 1600-2000 will serve as a stimulus for further research.

Secondhand Time

Author: Svetlana Alexievich
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0399588817
Size: 35.77 MB
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Secondhand Time. NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • The magnum opus and latest work from Svetlana Alexievich, the 2015 winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature—a symphonic oral history about the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the emergence of a new Russia NAMED ONE OF THE TEN BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY THE WASHINGTON POST AND PUBLISHERS WEEKLY NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY THE NEW YORK TIMES • THE WASHINGTON POST • THE BOSTON GLOBE • THE WALL STREET JOURNAL • NPR • FINANCIAL TIMES • KIRKUS REVIEWS When the Swedish Academy awarded Svetlana Alexievich the Nobel Prize, it cited her for inventing “a new kind of literary genre,” describing her work as “a history of emotions—a history of the soul.” Alexievich’s distinctive documentary style, combining extended individual monologues with a collage of voices, records the stories of ordinary women and men who are rarely given the opportunity to speak, whose experiences are often lost in the official histories of the nation. In Secondhand Time, Alexievich chronicles the demise of communism. Everyday Russian citizens recount the past thirty years, showing us what life was like during the fall of the Soviet Union and what it’s like to live in the new Russia left in its wake. Through interviews spanning 1991 to 2012, Alexievich takes us behind the propaganda and contrived media accounts, giving us a panoramic portrait of contemporary Russia and Russians who still carry memories of oppression, terror, famine, massacres—but also of pride in their country, hope for the future, and a belief that everyone was working and fighting together to bring about a utopia. Here is an account of life in the aftermath of an idea so powerful it once dominated a third of the world. A magnificent tapestry of the sorrows and triumphs of the human spirit woven by a master, Secondhand Time tells the stories that together make up the true history of a nation. “Through the voices of those who confided in her,” The Nation writes, “Alexievich tells us about human nature, about our dreams, our choices, about good and evil—in a word, about ourselves.” Praise for Svetlana Alexievich and Secondhand Time “The nonfiction volume that has done the most to deepen the emotional understanding of Russia during and after the collapse of the Soviet Union of late is Svetlana Alexievich’s oral history Secondhand Time.”—David Remnick, The New Yorker “Like the greatest works of fiction, Secondhand Time is a comprehensive and unflinching exploration of the human condition. . . . In its scope and wisdom, Secondhand Time is comparable to War and Peace.”—The Wall Street Journal “Already hailed as a masterpiece across Europe, Secondhand Time is an intimate portrait of a country yearning for meaning after the sudden lurch from Communism to capitalism in the 1990s plunged it into existential crisis.”—The New York Times “This is the kind of history, otherwise almost unacknowledged by today’s dictatorships, that matters.”—The Christian Science Monitor “In this spellbinding book, Svetlana Alexievich orchestrates a rich symphony of Russian voices telling their stories of love and death, joy and sorrow, as they try to make sense of the twentieth century.”—J. M. Coetzee


Author: Robert Service
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 0330476378
Size: 47.18 MB
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Stalin. Drawing on a wealth of unexplored material - available for the first time since the collapse of the former Soviet Union - Robert Service's biography of Stalin is the most authoritative yet published. It concentrates not simply on Stalin as dedicated bureaucrat or serial political killer, but on a fuller assessment of his formative interactions in Georgia, his youthful revolutionary activism, his relationship with Lenin, with his family, and with his party members. 'This is effectively the first full biography since perestroika to encompass the economic, political, diplomatic, military, administrative and, above all, ideological dimensions, as well as the personal aspects of Stalin's colossal life . . . Gritty and unshowy, but enlightened by Service's compelling characterisation, magisterial analysis and dry wit, this outstanding biography of lightly worn authority, wide research and superb intuition will be read for decades' Simon Sebag Montefiore, author of STALIN: The Court of the Red Tsar Sunday Times

Young Stalin

Author: Simon Sebag Montefiore
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0297863843
Size: 58.28 MB
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Young Stalin. Winner of the Costa Biography Award What makes a Stalin? Was he a Tsarist agent or Lenin's bandit? Was he to blame for his wife's death? When did the killing start? Based on revelatory research, here is the thrilling story of how a charismatic cobbler's son became a student priest, romantic poet, prolific lover, gangster mastermind and murderous revolutionary. Culminating in the 1917 revolution, Simon Sebag Montefiore's bestselling biography radically alters our understanding of the gifted politician and fanatical Marxist who shaped the Soviet empire in his own brutal image. This is the story of how Stalin became Stalin.

Livre Noir Du Communisme

Author: Stéphane Courtois
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674076082
Size: 79.65 MB
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Livre Noir Du Communisme. Collects and analyzes seventy years of communist crimes that offer details on Kim Sung's Korea, Vietnam under "Uncle Ho," and Cuba under Castro.

Joint Declaration On The Doctrine Of Justification

Author: Lutheran World Federation
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802847744
Size: 75.73 MB
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Joint Declaration On The Doctrine Of Justification. "This volume presents in English the official Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, confirmed by the Lutheran World Federation and the Roman Catholic Church in Augsburg, Germany, in October 1999. The result of decades of Lutheran-Roman Catholic dialogue, this primary document represents an ecumenical event of historical significance." "Included in the volume are the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification and the Official Common Statement with its Annex. These texts are recommended for careful study in seminaries and parishes and for reading by individual Christians. It is hoped that the Joint Declaration will deepen understanding of the biblical message of justification and also be of value within the wider ecumenical movement."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved