Deutschlernen In Russland Und In Den Baltischen L Ndern Vom 17 Jahrhundert Bis 1941

Author: Helmut Glück
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447058421
Size: 13.56 MB
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Deutschlernen In Russland Und In Den Baltischen L Ndern Vom 17 Jahrhundert Bis 1941. Das Deutsche war bis zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts die wichtigste und am meisten gelernte und verwendete Fremdsprache bei den Russen (sowie Weissrussen und Ukrainern), den Letten und den Esten. Bei den Litauern stand das Polnische an erster Stelle. Jahrhundertelang geschah dieser Spracherwerb vor allem im mundlichen Austausch. Im 16. Jahrhundert beginnt die Produktion von Sprachlehrmaterialien, die das Deutsche und das Russische miteinander verbinden, im 17. Jahrhundert entstehen die ersten Hilfen zum Deutschlernen in den baltischen Landern. In Livland und Estland bleibt das Deutsche bis zum ersten Weltkrieg als Sprache der Verwaltung, des hoheren Schulwesens und des Wirtschaftslebens massgeblich. Sozialer Aufstieg war dort bis ins spate 19. Jahrhundert an die Beherrschung des Deutschen gebunden. In Russland wird das Deutsche im 18. Jahrhundert zur Bildungssprache. Der Band dokumentiert die Glossare, Gesprachsfuhrer, Sprachlehrbucher, Lerngrammatiken und Worterbucher, die das Deutsche mit diesen Sprachraumen verbindet. Das verwendete Dokumentationsschema hat sich bereits bei den Vorgangerarbeiten* zu den bohmischen Landern und zu Polen bewahrt.*Helmut Gluck, Konrad SchroderDeutschlernen in den polnischen Landern vom 15. Jahrhundert bis 1918Eine teilkommentierte Bibliographie2007. XLVIII, 271 Seiten, gbISBN 978-3-447-05471-3

Mach Dich Auf Und Werde Licht Celies Nu Topi Gaiss

Author: Christiane Schiller
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
Size: 39.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Mach Dich Auf Und Werde Licht Celies Nu Topi Gaiss . Ernst Gluck kann in vielerlei Hinsicht als eine der eindrucksvollsten Personlichkeiten des ausgehenden 17. Jahrhunderts im Baltischen Raum gelten. Geboren 1654 in Wettin bei Halle (Saale) hat er als Pfarrer in Livland die Bibel erstmals ins Lettische ubersetzt. Er ist somit fur die Letten das, was Luther fur die Deutschen war. In Russland, wohin er als Kriegsgefangener wahrend des Nordischen Krieges geraten war, erwarb er sich grosse Verdienste als Grunder des ersten russischen Gymnasiums, und nicht zuletzt war er Ziehvater von Martha Skowronska, die spater als Zarin Katharina I. den russischen Thron bestieg. In diesem Tagungsband zeichnen Historiker, Theologen, Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaftler aus der Bundesrepublik, dem Baltikum und Russland in ihren Beitragen wichtige Lebensstationen Ernst Glucks nach, und versuchen so ein umfassendes Bild von dessen Leben und Werk zu vermitteln.

German Through English Eyes

Author: Nicola McLelland
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447101486
Size: 30.68 MB
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German Through English Eyes. McLelland's pioneering study charts the history of foreign language learning and teaching in the UK over five centuries (1500-2000), taking German as her case study. From the first grammar of German for English speakers, published in 1680, McLelland traces the growth in interest in German for travel and trade, and its rapid increase in prestige in the eighteenth century as a language of literary merit, before German became established in schools and universities from the second quarter of the nineteenth century onwards. Taking hundreds of textbooks as her primary sources, as well as the pronouncements of teachers, examiners and policy-makers, McLelland considers the changing reasons for teaching and learning German, and the consequent changes in teaching methods (including the influence of the Reform Movement around 1900, innovations such as language laboratories, and, more recently, the communicative approach). She analyses changes in how the German language was presented, including advances in how the sound system and word order were described. Finally, and crucially, she considers how German culture and history have been represented to English-speaking learners, particularly over the past hundred years, a century of troubled Anglo-German cultural relations. A chronological bibliography of several hundred textbooks for the period 1600-2000 will serve as a stimulus for further research.

How To Make Market And Sell Ebooks All For Free

Author: Jason Matthews
Publisher: BookCountry
ISBN: 1463002637
Size: 79.96 MB
Format: PDF
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How To Make Market And Sell Ebooks All For Free. "...the best book, hands down for any author looking to self-publish." "...a refreshing change from the hard-sell type of internet marketing I'd been exposed to previously." "I would have given this book 10 stars if I could!" "...a must-have for anyone who aspires to self publish." "Now having read many more on the subject (there are many), I can say without question this is THE BEST ONE." Your one-stop guide for everything self-publishing. Save time, money, energy and sell ebooks. Discover the best ways to: Maximize Social Media and Online Platform. Create a Professional Blog Site. Design Ebook Covers. Format and Upload for Amazon, Smashwords, Barnes & Noble, Apple and other Retailers. Convert Documents to any Format (epub, mobi, pdf and more). Create a Professional Website. Rise with SEO (search engine optimization) in Google-Bing rankings. Sell from your own Sites with a system that runs on Autopilot. Make Paperbacks. Use PR (public relations) to drive Traffic to You. and much more. Plus you can do all these things for free! Packed with information, examples, over 250 links to sites and software to accomplish goals at retailers and your own websites. Simple enough for beginners and relevant to experts who could use extra guidance. Like ten books in one, the only source for everything to succeed. Updated for 2013. Subjects: sell ebooks, ebook business, publish ebooks, self-publishing, writers, writers reference, writing, e-publishing, book marketing, kindle, indie authors

The Entrepreneur

Author: Robert F. Hébert
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
Size: 64.75 MB
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The Entrepreneur. The term "entrepreneur," has a variety of meanings. Hebert and Link trace the historical roots of this diversity and propose an operational definition of entrepreneurship for current economic use. Through the volume's unique historical perspective, the authors are able to judge entrepreneurships record of successes and failures. Prospects for future manifestations of the entrepreneur are then clarified and assessed.

Katyn And The Soviet Massacre Of 1940

Author: George Sanford
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134302991
Size: 35.28 MB
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Katyn And The Soviet Massacre Of 1940. The Soviet massacre of Polish prisoners of war at Katyn and in other camps in 1940 was one of the most notorious incidents of the Second World War. The truth about the massacres was long suppressed, both by the Soviet Union, and also by the United States and Britain who wished to hold together their wartime alliance with the Soviet Union. This informative book examines the details of this often overlooked event, shedding light on what took place especially in relation to the massacres at locations other than Katyn itself. It discusses how the truth about the killings was hidden, how it gradually came to light and why the memory of the massacres has long affected Polish-Russian relations.

Ideal Illusions

Author: James Peck
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
ISBN: 1429991569
Size: 55.97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ideal Illusions. From a noted historian and foreign-policy analyst, a groundbreaking critique of the troubling symbiosis between Washington and the human rights movement The United States has long been hailed as a powerful force for global human rights. Now, drawing on thousands of documents from the CIA, the National Security Council, the Pentagon, and development agencies, James Peck shows in blunt detail how Washington has shaped human rights into a potent ideological weapon for purposes having little to do with rights—and everything to do with furthering America's global reach. Using the words of Washington's leaders when they are speaking among themselves, Peck tracks the rise of human rights from its dismissal in the cold war years as "fuzzy minded" to its calculated adoption, after the Vietnam War, as a rationale for American foreign engagement. He considers such milestones as the fight for Soviet dissidents, Tiananmen Square, and today's war on terror, exposing in the process how the human rights movement has too often failed to challenge Washington's strategies. A gripping and elegant work of analysis, Ideal Illusions argues that the movement must break free from Washington if it is to develop a truly uncompromising critique of power in all its forms.