France

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1452717311
Size: 57.69 MB
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France. This Selected Issues paper addresses the question of what policy changes in France are needed under European Monetary Union (EMU), as regards the role of fiscal policy in stabilizing the economy. The fiscal strategy over the past two and a half decades is reviewed, and, against this background, an assessment is offered concerning the role and scope of fiscal stabilizers in France under EMU. The main conclusions is that over the past two and a half decades, fiscal policy operated in a clear countercyclical way in France, but this reflected essentially the functioning of automatic stabilizers.

France Selected Issues

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 145188009X
Size: 47.90 MB
Format: PDF
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France Selected Issues. The growth rate of real hourly wages in France has fallen below the trend growth rate of total factor productivity. The distribution of wage and earnings growth has not been uniform across deciles. A breakdown in employment growth by wage deciles also suggests important composition changes. The development of key labor market variables has been discussed in this note. Microeconometric estimations provide evidence of an outward shift in the relationship between wages and unemployment that is independent of changes in labor demand taxes and unemployment income.

France Selected Issues

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513518828
Size: 42.35 MB
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France Selected Issues. This Selected Issues paper analyzes expenditure reforms in France. After decades of rising public spending and successive tax increases, the medium-term fiscal consolidation path described in the 2015 Stability Program is now fully expenditure based. However, recent efforts of nominal spending containment have not delivered the intended savings in the context of low growth and inflation. A thorough review of the efficiency of public spending could help prepare more fundamental reforms of spending programs and processes to underpin a lasting reduction in expenditures, which reached a record high of 57.2 percent of GDP in 2014.

France

Author: International Monetary Fund. IMF.
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 24.97 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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France.

France

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484320530
Size: 34.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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France. France: Selected Issues

France

Author: Fondo Monetario Internacional
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 46.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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France.

France Selected Issues Paper

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
ISBN: 9781455204755
Size: 76.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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France Selected Issues Paper. The staff report gives details of some selected issues of France, namely its credit developments, systematic linkages of French banks, the need for a significant fiscal consolidation for macroeconomic stability, an update on the developments of France's external competitiveness, and also the evolution of its export performance after the 2008 financial crisis. The report describes these issues in detail, and recommendations are also cited.

France Selected Issues

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781451813395
Size: 50.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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France Selected Issues. This Selected Issues paper reviews developments in health care spending in France and discusses the recent measures to improve the functioning of the system and contain costs. It argues that by addressing many of the issues that had bedeviled past reforms, the new measures offer a reasonable hope of containing France's health expenditures. The paper presents a brief review of the institutional background and of past trends in health care spending and also offers an analysis of the major forces behind the recent and projected growth in expenditure.

Japan

Author:
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN:
Size: 36.30 MB
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Japan.