German Through English Eyes

Author: Nicola McLelland
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447101486
Size: 56.26 MB
Format: PDF
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German Through English Eyes. McLelland's pioneering study charts the history of foreign language learning and teaching in the UK over five centuries (1500-2000), taking German as her case study. From the first grammar of German for English speakers, published in 1680, McLelland traces the growth in interest in German for travel and trade, and its rapid increase in prestige in the eighteenth century as a language of literary merit, before German became established in schools and universities from the second quarter of the nineteenth century onwards. Taking hundreds of textbooks as her primary sources, as well as the pronouncements of teachers, examiners and policy-makers, McLelland considers the changing reasons for teaching and learning German, and the consequent changes in teaching methods (including the influence of the Reform Movement around 1900, innovations such as language laboratories, and, more recently, the communicative approach). She analyses changes in how the German language was presented, including advances in how the sound system and word order were described. Finally, and crucially, she considers how German culture and history have been represented to English-speaking learners, particularly over the past hundred years, a century of troubled Anglo-German cultural relations. A chronological bibliography of several hundred textbooks for the period 1600-2000 will serve as a stimulus for further research.

Geschichte Des Internationalen Sch Lerbriefwechsels

Author: Marlis Schleich
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830983123
Size: 12.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Geschichte Des Internationalen Sch Lerbriefwechsels. Schüleraustausch, Drittortprojekte, Telekollaboration: Wer heute moderne Fremdsprachen unterrichtet, dem steht eine Fülle von Möglichkeiten zur Verfügung, reale Kommunikationssituationen für die Lernenden zu schaffen. Die Autorin untersucht deren bislang noch kaum erforschte historische Wurzeln. Denn bereits gegen Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts entstand in Europa ein weit verzweigtes Netz an Schülerkorrespondenz: der internationale Schülerbriefwechsel. Im Fokus stehen u. a. folgende Fragen: Wann und wie entstand der internationale Schülerbriefwechsel? Welche waren die historischen Rahmenbedingungen? Mit welchen Begründungen wurde der Schülerbriefwechsel eingeführt und wie verhielt es sich mit dessen Umsetzung in der schulischen Praxis? Kurz nachdem im Jahr 1897 der internationale Schülerbriefwechsel im Rahmen einer französisch-britischen Kooperation offiziell ins Leben gerufen wurde, gründete der Leipziger Neuphilologe Martin K. A. Hartmann die Deutsche Zentralstelle für internationalen Briefwechsel. Als sich wenig später auch Amerika beteiligte, erreichte das ursprünglich europäische Projekt eine transatlantische Dimension. Zigtausende Schülerinnen und Schüler beteiligten sich an diesem globalen Netzwerk internationaler Korrespondenz - zur damaligen Zeit und auch aus heutiger Sicht eine beeindruckende Innovation. Die Arbeit wurde mit dem Hans-Eberhard-Piepho-Preis ausgezeichnet.

The Enemy Reviewed

Author: Ariela Halkin
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275951016
Size: 68.66 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Enemy Reviewed. For a brief period between the two World Wars, a flood of German books in translation threatened to engulf the British book market. In this work, reviewers in the popular press are shown to have harboured a deep ambivalence towards an alien German culture.

German Influence On English Education

Author: W. H. G. Armytage
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415668395
Size: 23.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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German Influence On English Education. This book traces the impact of German educationists, such as Froebel and Herbart, on practice in Britain while stressing the important and lasting influence of German scientists, technologists, philosophers, sociologists and historians on our educational system. This record of interplay between the two countries shows not only the influence of German innovations but also the effect on British education of the many German émigrés in the last two hundred years.

Teaching And Learning Foreign Languages

Author: Nicola McLelland
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131723023X
Size: 49.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Teaching And Learning Foreign Languages. Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages provides a comprehensive history of language teaching and learning in the UK from its earliest beginnings to the year 2000. McLelland offers the first history of the social context of foreign language education in Britain, as well as an overview of changing approaches, methods and techniques in language teaching and learning. The important impact of classroom-external factors on developments in language teaching and learning is also taken into account, particularly regarding the policies and public examination requirements of the 20th century. Beginning with a chronological overview of language teaching and learning in Britain, McLelland explores which languages were learned when, why and by whom, before examining the social history of language teaching and learning in greater detail, addressing topics including the status that language learning and teaching have held in society. McLelland also provides a history of how languages have been taught, contrasting historical developments with current orthodoxies of language teaching. Experiences outside school are discussed with reference to examples from adult education, teach-yourself courses and military language learning. Providing an accessible, authoritative history of language education in Britain, Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages will appeal to academics and postgraduate students engaged in the history of education and language learning across the world. The book will also be of interest to teacher educators, trainee and practising teachers, policymakers and curriculum developers.

Under English Eyes

Author: Jopi Nyman
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042015722
Size: 59.65 MB
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Under English Eyes. British fictions of the early twentieth century appear obsessed with Europe. Various texts from E.M. Forster and D.H. Lawrence to Bram Stoker and the period's travel writing explore European spaces, constructing the European as an Other threatening the position of the English. What they constantly repeat is England's difference and the secondary role of European spaces, whose representation resembles that of colonial lands. By reading selected texts, both canonized and popular, published between 1894 and 1916, this study argues that this xenophobic construction is a sign of the pervading presence of concerns related to the maintenance of English national identity, Englishness, allegedly threatened by the European Other. By drawing on current postcolonial theory, the case studies in the volume show that the discourse on the Other produced in British writings on Europe contributes more than has been understood to the making and promoting of Englishness. The authors studied include D.H. Lawrence, Katherine Mansfield, Anthony Hope, Arnold Bennett, Mrs Alec Tweedie, Erskine Childers, and Joseph Conrad. The study will renew our understanding of the role of Europe in the period's cultural imagination, showing that the identities of the English are formed in encounters with different internal and external Others.

The German Tradition In Literature 1871 1945

Author: Ronald Gray
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521292788
Size: 58.41 MB
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The German Tradition In Literature 1871 1945. This book attempts to generalize, and to link German literature since 1871 with the forces which move the society which produces it.

Norms And Usage In Language History 1600 1900

Author: Gijsbert Rutten
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027268797
Size: 36.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Norms And Usage In Language History 1600 1900. Historical sociolinguistics has successfully challenged the traditional focus on standardization in linguistic historiography. Extensive research on newly uncovered textual resources has shown the widespread variation in the written language of the past that was previously hidden or neglected. The time has come to integrate both perspectives, and to reassess the importance of language norms, standardization and prescription on the basis of sound empirical studies of large corpora of texts. The chapters in this volume discuss the interplay of language norms and language use in the history of Dutch, English, French and German between 1600 and 1900. Written by leading experts in the field, each chapter focuses on one language and one century. A substantial introductory chapter puts the twelve research chapters into a comparative perspective. The book is of interest to a wide readership, ranging from scholars of historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, sociology and social history to (advanced) graduate and postgraduate students in courses on language variation and change.

English French German Comparative Law

Author: Raymond Youngs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317811704
Size: 33.13 MB
Format: PDF
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English French German Comparative Law. This comparative analysis considers the differing approaches to important areas of law in England, France and Germany. In particular, constitutions, sources of law, rights against the state to prevent abuse of power, and rights of private individuals and organisations against each other in tort and contract are examined and compared, and the system of courts is also considered. Updated and revised, each sub-topic is introduced with the relevant material in the English system, allowing easy comparison and assimilation of the other systems. The text includes translations of relevant French and German codal material, and references to relevant cases from all of the jurisdictions. This new edition includes constitutional changes in France and the United Kingdom, in particular the new procedure for challenging existing legislation before the Conseil constitutionnel. It examines the consequences of the Lisbon Treaty, as well as other recent codal and legislative changes. Comprehensive and topical, the text explores a wide variety of new case law on issues such as: preventive detention; the use of evidence obtained by torture; the balance between suppression of terrorism and personal freedom; the internet; email monitoring; artificial reproductive techniques; use of global positioning systems (GPSs), deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and closed-circuit television (CCTV); the wearing of religious clothing (such as the headscarf) and symbols (such as the cross); circumcision; methods of crowd control; the prevention of human trafficking; the preservation of privacy, especially for celebrities; and the legality of pre-nuptial agreements and success fees for lawyers. Designed for students on comparative law courses, this textbook will also prove valuable to students who are familiar with English law, but require a readily comprehensible introduction to French or German law.