One Supreme Court Supremacy Inferiority And The Judicial Department Of The United States

Author: James E Pfander
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190623551
Size: 55.75 MB
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One Supreme Court Supremacy Inferiority And The Judicial Department Of The United States. Despite over two hundred years of experience with constitutional government, much remains unclear about the power of the political branches to curtail or re-define the judicial power of the United States. Uncertainty persists about the basis on which state courts and federal agencies may hear federal claims and the degree to which federal courts must review their decisions. Scholars approach these questions from a range of vantage points and have arrived at widely varying conclusions about the relationship between congressional and judicial power. Deploying familiar forms of legal analysis, and relying upon a new account of the Court's supremacy in relation to lower courts and tribunals, James Pfander advances a departmental conception of the judiciary. He argues that Congress can enlist the state courts, lower federal courts, and administrative agencies to hear federal claims in the first instance, but all of these tribunals must operate within a hierarchical framework over which the "one supreme Court" identified in the Constitution exercises ultimate supervisory authority. In offering the first general account of the Court as department head, Pfander takes up such important debates in the federal courts' literature as Congress's power to strip the federal courts of jurisdiction to review state court decisions, its authority to assign decision-making authority to state courts and non-Article III tribunals, its control over the doctrine of vertical stare decisis, and its ability to craft rules of practice for the federal system.

Raw Judicial Power

Author: Robert J. McKeever
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719048739
Size: 46.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Raw Judicial Power . This book presents an analysis of the modern Supreme Court which takes full account of both its legal and political aspects. The book has an empirical bias, and starts with an examination of the political and social forces which brought to prominence the kind of social issues of recent decades. Chapter Two traces the legal and judicial developments that have occurred roughly in parallel to, and sometimes in direct connection with, the rise of the social issue in American politics. Chapters Three to Seven analyze the Court's decisions in the major policy areas affected by these political and judgemental dynamics, namely abortion, capital punishment, affirmative action for racial minorities and women, and other cases including gay rights, pornography and governmental support for religious values. The concluding chapter examines the Court's suitability to continue to carry the political burden that it has acquired.

The U S Supreme Court And The Judicial Review Of Congress

Author: Linda Camp Keith
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9780820488806
Size: 23.78 MB
Format: PDF
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The U S Supreme Court And The Judicial Review Of Congress. This book examines, from a behavioral perspective, the U.S. Supreme Court’s exercise of the power of judicial review over Congress across two hundred years of the Court’s history, testing the major competing theories in political science - the attitudinal model and the strategic approach - through systematic empirical analysis. Exploring the major trends in the Court’s use of this power over time, the book examines a broad range of questions concerning the countermajoritarian nature of this power, and provides an analysis of each of the individual justices’ behavior along several dimensions of the power, such as the use of judicial review to protect minority rights against majority intrusion. The book concludes that the Court has shown a high level of deference to Congress, with notable historic highs and lows, and generally that the exercise of the power has been less countermajoritarian than is usually assumed. Its analyses find the strongest level of support for the attitudinal approach to judicial decision making, but also concludes that strategic concerns cannot be dismissed, especially for the more recent Courts.

Judicial Review And The Law Of The Constitution

Author: Sylvia Snowiss
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300046656
Size: 66.25 MB
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Judicial Review And The Law Of The Constitution. In this book, the author presents a new interpretation of the origin of judicial review. She traces the development of judicial review from American independence through the tenure of John Marshall as Chief Justice, showing that Marshall's role was far more innovative and decisive than has yet been recognized. According to the author all support for judicial review before Marshall contemplated a fundamentally different practice from that which we know today. Marshall did not simply reinforce or extend ideas already accepted but, in superficially minor and disguised ways, effected a radical transformation in the nature of the constitution and the judicial relationship to it.

An Essay On Judicial Power And Unconstitutional Legislation

Author: Brinton Coxe
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
ISBN: 1584775343
Size: 60.99 MB
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An Essay On Judicial Power And Unconstitutional Legislation. Coxe's main argument is that the "Constitution contains express texts providing for judicial competency to decide questioned legislation to be constitutional or unconstitutional and to hold it valid or void accordingly" (4). There are four subordinate arguments: First, that the framers of the constitution specifically granted the courts the power to hold a law unconstitutional by dint of the Supremacy Clause and by Article III, Section 2 defining judicial power. Second, that documents written before the constitution were influential in framing the text and establishing the idea of judicial review. The third looks at the era before and during the confederation with an eye toward the court's power to rule on constitutionality. The fourth argument finds analogies and precedents in foreign law, including Roman and Canon law.

Judicial Dictatorship

Author: William J. Quirk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351510436
Size: 34.41 MB
Format: PDF
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Judicial Dictatorship. American society has undergone a revolution within a revolution. Until the 1960s, America was a liberal country in the traditional sense of legislative and executive checks and balances. Since then, the Supreme Court has taken on the role of the protector of individual rights against the will of the majority by creating, in a series of decisions, new rights for criminal defendants, atheists, homosexuals, illegal aliens, and others. Repeatedly, on a variety of cases, the Court has overturned the actions of local police or state laws under which local officials are acting. The result, according to Quirk and Birdwell, is freedom for the lawless and oppression for the law abiding. 'Judicial Dictatorship' challenges the status quo, arguing that in many respects the Supreme Court has assumed authority far beyond the original intent of the Founding Fathers. In order to avoid abuse of power, the three branches of the American government were designed to operate under a system of checks and balances. However, this balance has been upset. The Supreme Court has become the ultimate arbiter in the legal system through exercise of the doctrine of judicial review, which allows the court to invalidate any state or federal law it considers inconsistent with the constitution. Supporters of judicial review believe that there has to be a final arbiter of constitutional interpretation, and the Judiciary is the most suitable choice. Opponents, Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln among them, believed that judicial review assumes the judicial branch is above the other branches, a result the Constitution did not intend. The democratic paradox is that the majority in America agreed to limit its own power. Jefferson believed that the will of the majority must always prevail. His faith in the common man led him to advocate a weak national government, one that derived its power from the people. Alexander Hamilton, often Jefferson's adversary, lacking such faith, feared "the amazing violence an

The Rise Of Modern Judicial Review

Author: Christopher Wolfe
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780822630265
Size: 64.87 MB
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The Rise Of Modern Judicial Review. 'A clear, readable and fair account of the development of judicial review.'-Ashley Montagu