Maintenance And Repair Of Laboratory Diagnostic Imaging And Hospital Equipment

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241544635
Size: 55.69 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Maintenance And Repair Of Laboratory Diagnostic Imaging And Hospital Equipment. A practical guide to the maintenance and repair of essential laboratory and hospital equipment. Intended for use in institutions that do not have specially trained technicians or engineers the book responds to the situation frequently seen in developing countries where much of the equipment is imported and adequate information on maintenance and repair is rarely provided by suppliers. With these special needs in mind the manual aims to help staff using specific types of equipment to understand basic principles of construction and operation adopt good working practices avoid common errors perform routine maintenance and spot the early signs of defects or deterioration. Advice on equipment repair concentrates on common causes of problems that can be solved without expertise in engineering. Throughout the manual line drawings illustrate features of construction and design while numerous checklists offer advice on periodic inspection and cleaning good working practices and the essential do's don'ts must's and never's of routine operation and maintenance. Information ranges from the steps to follow when recharging batteries through advice on how to protect microscopes in hot climates to instructions for changing a blown fuse in an ultrasound scanner. Basic safety procedures for protecting staff as well as patients are also described. The most extensive chapter covers the maintenance and repair of basic laboratory equipment moving from autoclaves and incubators to cell counters and systems for water purification. The remaining chapters describe the correct use maintenance and repair of diagnostic equipment anaesthetic and resuscitation equipment operating room equipment and ultrasound and X-ray diagnostic equipment.

Safe Blood And Blood Products Trainer S Guide

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241545461
Size: 75.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Safe Blood And Blood Products Trainer S Guide. Ensuring the safety of blood for transfusion is a key prevention strategy in the fight against HIV/AIDS. These learning materials have been designed specifically for use in distance learning programmes in blood safety. The modules have been designed for staff responsible for donor recruitment, blood collection and the processing and issue of blood for transfusion. They are written in an interactive, practical style, with learning objectives, activities, self-assessment questions, progress checks and action plans Most of the training is designed to take place at the workplace in the context of the performance of daily work. This pack consists of a set of four spiral-bound modules and a Trainer's Guide, all supplied in a plastic wallet.

Surgical Care At The District Hospital

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241545755
Size: 56.83 MB
Format: PDF
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Surgical Care At The District Hospital. Many patients who present to district (first-referral) level hospitals require surgical treatment for trauma obstetric abdominal or orthopaedic emergencies. Often surgery cannot be safely postponed to allow their transfer to a secondary or tertiary-level hospital but many district hospitals in developing countries have no specialist surgical teams and are staffed by medical nursing and paramedical personnel who perform a wide range of surgical procedures often with inadequate training. the quality of surgical and acute care is often further constrained by poor facilities inadequate low-technology apparatus and limited supplies of drugs materials and other essentials. the mission of the team responsible for Clinical Procedures in the World Health Organization Department of Essential Health Technologies (EHT) is to promote the quality of clinical care through the identification promotion and standardization of appropriate procedures equipment and materials particularly at district hospital level. WHO/BCT has identified education and training as a particular priority especially for non-specialist practitioners who practise surgery and anaesthesia. It has therefore developed Surgical Care at the District Hospital as a practical resource for individual practitioners and for use in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in-service training and continuing medical education programmes. the manual is a successor of three earlier publications that are widely used throughout the world and that remain important reference texts: General Surgery at the District Hospital (WHO 1988) Surgery at the District Hospital: Obstetrics Gynaecology Orthopaedics and Traumatology (WHO 1991) Anaesthesia at the District Hospital (WHO 1988; second edition 2000). This new manual draws together material from these three publications into a single volume which includes new and updated material as well as material from Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth: a Guide for Midwives and Doctors (WHO 2000). Link to the full training tool kit CD-ROM: WHO Integrated Management for Emergency and Essential Surgical Care (IMEESC) Toolkit CD-ROM Surgical Care at the District Hospital is a compact but comprehensive outline of modern surgical care focusing on fundamental precepts and practical techniques. the illustrations are clear instructive and appropriate. the authors are to be commended on a much improved new edition. Barry J. Gainor MD Chairman Health Volunteers Overseas Professor of Orthopedic Surgery University of Missouri-Columbia ...Indispensable manual for outlying health centres. - International Federation of Surgical Colleges

District Laboratory Practice In Tropical Countries

Author: Monica Cheesbrough
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139445294
Size: 56.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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District Laboratory Practice In Tropical Countries. Changes in the organization of health services in developing countries have led to the district level assuming more responsibility for the planning, delivery and quality of community health care. This fully up-dated new edition has been produced to help those working in the district laboratory, and those responsible for the organization and management of community laboratory services and the training of district laboratory personnel. Replacing the previous publication Medical Laboratory Manual for Tropical Countries, this book provides an up-to-date practical bench manual, taking a modern approach to the provision of a quality medical laboratory service. It includes practical accounts of: organization and staffing of district laboratory services; total quality management; health and safety; equipping district laboratories; parasitological tests, illustrated in colour; clinical chemistry tests; how to plan a training curriculum for district laboratory personnel. Volume 2, published in late 1999, covers microbiological tests, haematological tests and blood transfusion tests.

Communicable Disease Control In Emergencies

Author: Máire A. Connolly
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241546164
Size: 18.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Communicable Disease Control In Emergencies. This field manual is intended to help health professionals and public health coordinators working in emergency situations prevent, detect and control the major communicable diseases encountered by affected populations. The manual is the result of collaboration among a number of WHO departments and several external partner agencies in reviewing existing guidelines on communicable disease control and adapting them to emergency situations. The manual deals with the fundamental principles of communicable disease control in emergencies, which are: Rapid assessment to identify the communicable disease threats faced by the emergency-affected population, including those with epidemic potential, and define the health status of the population by conducting a rapid assessment; Prevention to prevent communicable disease by maintaining a healthy physical environment and good general living conditions; Surveillance to set up or strengthen disease surveillance system with an early warning mechanism to ensure the early reporting of cases to monitor disease trends, and to facilitate prompt detection and response to outbreaks; outbreak control to ensure outbreaks are rapidly detected and controlled through adequate preparedness (i.e. stockpiles, standard treatment protocols and staff training) and rapid response (i.e.confirmation, investigation and implementation of control measures); and disease management to diagnose and treat cases promptly with trained staff using effective treatment and standard protocols at all health facilities.

Conflict And Catastrophe Medicine

Author: James M. Ryan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144712927X
Size: 70.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Conflict And Catastrophe Medicine. The first edition of conflict and catastrophe was produced in 2002 and a second, successful edition, followed in 2009. The decision to produce these works sprung from painful problems experienced by colleagues and authors themselves during many humanitarian and related deployments. The guide for both editions was to provide, in one volume, an entry level text covering all aspects of deployment, with an emphasis on medicine and healthcare in these environments. This third revised, expanded and updated edition of Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine: A Practical Guide follows its successful predecessors in providing a framework for use by health professionals visiting a resource constrained environment. Encompassing problems brought about by local conflict or natural disasters, the book covers preparation, organisation, logistics, treatment of major trauma and medical emergencies, and the special problems of delivering medicine in a hostile environment. This book comprehensively tackles: Self-preparation of health professionals to face a range of medical and related problems which occur in hostile and remote environments; War and disaster medicine, covering acute management, rehabilitation, reconstruction and prevention; Bridging the fields of medicine, nursing, international relations, history, politics and economics. The book also touches on nutrition, infection, trauma, psychiatry and psychological medicine and training.

Health Systems Performance Assessment

Author: Christopher J. L. Murray
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241562454
Size: 17.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Health Systems Performance Assessment. This publication explores a range of issues regarding health systems performance assessment with the aim of promoting evidence-based policies for health systems development. It contains performance reviews from WHO regional offices, a report of a scientific peer review group, and a number of expert consultation reports. Issues discussed include: methods of measuring efficiency and responsiveness of health systems, financing and resource generation, stewardship, population health statistics, and health inequalities.

Selection Of Basic Laboratory Equipment For Laboratories With Limited Resources

Author: Warren L. Johns
Publisher: Who
Size: 45.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Selection Of Basic Laboratory Equipment For Laboratories With Limited Resources. A practical guide to the sensible selection and procurement of basic laboratory equipment and consumables when resources are limited. Arguing that buyers get the best deal when they know as much, if not more, than the seller, the book sets out a wealth of guidelines and advice in the form of checklists, flowcharts, model forms and letters, equipment specifications, performance tests, and abundant tips and warnings. Information is addressed to laboratory staff who use, maintain, and repair equipment as well as to those who make purchasing decisions. Details range from tests for determining whether equipment lives up to its advertised claims, through a table showing the expected life of essential spare parts for a refrigerator, to tips for avoiding the tricks of high pressure selling. Throughout, the authors use a lively and engaging style to give readers the competence - and confidence - needed to make wise purchasing decisions. The book has eight chapters presented in three parts. Part one, on choosing and buying laboratory equipment, opens with a step-by-step guide to the factors to consider when making purchasing decisions. Particular attention is given to the role of quotations and the questions that should be asked when deciding which offer is best. Chapter two, on the buying business, explains the importance of suitability, reliability, timely delivery, and cost in the procurement process. Chapter three addresses common consumer problems, offering advice on when to lodge complaints and how to secure reimbursements for faulty equipment. Subsequent chapters outline the do's and don'ts of equipment care, describe the precautions to take when purchasing second-hand equipment, and offer guidance on the selection of minor equipment and consumables. The most extensive chapter, printed on yellow pages, is a 62-page buyer's guide to the selection of sixteen major equipment items for intermediate and peripheral laboratories. For each, information includes a quick reference guide indicating the questions to consider when making decisions, technical specifications and requirements, including spare parts, methods for testing performance, and a model form for assessing quotations. Part two covers energy sources and requirements, safeguards against power disturbances, and problems that may arise with specific energy sources, such as hand power, combustion powered generators, batteries, and solar energy systems. Additional reference tools are provided in the final part, which includes detailed examples of equipment data specification sheets; sample forms for ordering equipment, reporting problems, and securing quotations; advice on how to anticipate and avoid problems with donated equipment; precautions when ordering and transporting chemicals, reagents, stains, and dehydrated media; addresses of equipment manufacturers; and a list of non-profit and low profit suppliers of both second-hand and new equipment.

Clinical Engineering Handbook

Author: Joseph F. Dyro
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012226570X
Size: 46.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Clinical Engineering Handbook. Author Joseph Dyro has been awarded the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) Clinical/Biomedical Engineering Achievement Award which recognizes individual excellence and achievement in the clinical engineering and biomedical engineering fields. He has also been awarded the American College of Clinical Engineering 2005 Tom O'Dea Advocacy Award. As the biomedical engineering field expands throughout the world, clinical engineers play an evermore important role as the translator between the worlds of the medical, engineering, and business professionals. They influence procedure and policy at research facilities, universities and private and government agencies including the Food and Drug Administration and the World Health Organization. Clinical Engineers were key players in calming the hysteria over electrical safety in the 1970's and Y2K at the turn of the century and continue to work for medical safety. This title brings together all the important aspects of Clinical Engineering. It provides the reader with prospects for the future of clinical engineering as well as guidelines and standards for best practice around the world. * Clinical Engineers are the safety and quality faciltators in all medical facilities.