Prague 1989

Author: Michael Andrew Kukral
Publisher: East European Monographs
ISBN:
Size: 44.94 MB
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Prague 1989. Few aspects of American military history have been as vigorously debated as Harry Truman's decision to use atomic bombs against Japan. In this carefully crafted volume, Michael Kort describes the wartime circumstances and thinking that form the context for the decision to use these weapons, surveys the major debates related to that decision, and provides a comprehensive collection of key primary source documents that illuminate the behavior of the United States and Japan during the closing days of World War II. Kort opens with a summary of the debate over Hiroshima as it has evolved since 1945. He then provides a historical overview of thye events in question, beginning with the decision and program to build the atomic bomb. Detailing the sequence of events leading to Japan's surrender, he revisits the decisive battles of the Pacific War and the motivations of American and Japanese leaders. Finally, Kort examines ten key issues in the discussion of Hiroshima and guides readers to relevant primary source documents, scholarly books, and articles.

Revolution With A Human Face

Author: James Krapfl
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801469414
Size: 57.68 MB
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Revolution With A Human Face. In this social and cultural history of Czechoslovakia’s “gentle revolution,” James Krapfl shifts the focus away from elites to ordinary citizens who endeavored—from the outbreak of revolution in 1989 to the demise of the Czechoslovak federation in 1992—to establish a new, democratic political culture. Unique in its balanced coverage of developments in both Czech and Slovak lands, including the Hungarian minority of southern Slovakia, this book looks beyond Prague and Bratislava to collective action in small towns, provincial factories, and collective farms. Through his broad and deep analysis of workers’ declarations, student bulletins, newspapers, film footage, and the proceedings of local administrative bodies, Krapfl contends that Czechoslovaks rejected Communism not because it was socialist, but because it was arbitrarily bureaucratic and inhumane. The restoration of a basic “humanness”—in politics and in daily relations among citizens—was the central goal of the revolution. In the strikes and demonstrations that began in the last weeks of 1989, Krapfl argues, citizens forged new symbols and a new symbolic system to reflect the humane, democratic, and nonviolent community they sought to create. Tracing the course of the revolution from early, idealistic euphoria through turns to radicalism and ultimately subversive reaction, Revolution with a Human Face finds in Czechoslovakia’s experiences lessons of both inspiration and caution for people in other countries striving to democratize their governments.

Reflections On 1989 In Eastern Europe

Author: Terry Cox
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317980395
Size: 69.56 MB
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Reflections On 1989 In Eastern Europe. This book presents a selection of recent research on the events and developments of 1989 in Eastern Europe. It offers a mix of detailed examinations of the events of 1989 in Eastern Europe, thoughtful and considered appraisals of developments, and ‘middle-range’ theoretical discussions of patterns of cause and effect. The authors range in their approaches from detailed examinations of government and ruling-party papers from the archives, some of it originally labelled top secret, to personal observations and oral history based on interviews with participants, to analysis of survey data and official statistics. In their chosen focus the essays range from explorations of the emerging crisis in the communist regimes that led to the events of 1989, reflections and insights into the events and changing mood during 1989 itself, and examinations of some of the consequences and legacies of 1989. This book was published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.

A Force More Powerful

Author: Peter Ackerman
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 125010520X
Size: 13.11 MB
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A Force More Powerful. This nationally-acclaimed book shows how popular movements used nonviolent action to overthrow dictators, obstruct military invaders and secure human rights in country after country, over the past century. Peter Ackerman and Jack DuVall depict how nonviolent sanctions--such as protests, strikes and boycotts--separate brutal regimes from their means of control. They tell inside stories--how Danes outmaneuvered the Nazis, Solidarity defeated Polish communism, and mass action removed a Chilean dictator--and also how nonviolent power is changing the world today, from Burma to Serbia.

Historical Dictionary Of The Czech State

Author: Rick Fawn
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0810856484
Size: 16.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Historical Dictionary Of The Czech State. Czechoslovakia has been at the center of some of the most difficult - and tragic-episodes of modern European history: its sacrifice to Nazi Germany at Munich, the Communist Coup of 1948, and the military crushing of the Prague Spring. It has also enacted momentous change almost magically, as in the peaceful overthrow of communism in 1989 and then the negotiated end to the country in 1992. Czechoslovak history has consequently produced enduring political metaphors for our times, such as the Velvet Revolution and Velvet Divorce. This second edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Czech State has been thoroughly updated and greatly expanded. Featuring a chronology, introductory essay, appendix, bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries, this detailed, authoritative reference provides descriptions of the Czechs as a people; the territory they inhabit; their social, cultural, political, and economic developments throughout history; and their interactions with neighbors and the wider world.

The Poet S Role

Author: Ruth J. Owen
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042012073
Size: 66.23 MB
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The Poet S Role. This study of contemporary German poetry represents the first attempt to examine comprehensively and at some length the lyric response to the unification period. It sets out to investigate, by means of close textual analysis, whether the German 'Wende' was also a turning-point for poetry, exploring how GDR poets responded both to the revolutionary events of 1989 and subsequently to the new, united Germany. An introductory chapter considers what is distinct about poetry as a genre, especially under censorship or amid historic change, as well as outlining the post-unification 'Literaturstreit'. The following chapter offers a survey of the poet's role in the GDR from 1949 until 1989. Two central chapters then gather the poetry of the 'Wende' and unification as a corpus of work and characterize it, through the elucidation of recurring themes, motifs and techniques. The volume strikes a balance between giving a general overview of poetry written in 1989-1996 and focusing on individual poets whose work is particularly compelling. After identifying broad trends across a wide range of individual poems, collections and anthologies, single chapters therefore examine in greater depth the work of Volker Braun and Durs Grünbein. The concluding chapter addresses the issue of a separate GDR literature. Finally, an extensive, structured bibliography is provided, covering the poetry, literary criticism and cultural history of the period.

Unis Vers Cyth Re

Author: Josef Chytry
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9781433107320
Size: 14.14 MB
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Unis Vers Cyth Re. Unis vers Cythère forms a continuation of the ongoing project to disseminate a new faculty of thought called cytherics, which is defined as the sighting and siting of aphrodisian – aesthetic-erotic – environments. The first part of the book proposes «polis thought» as a subdivision within political theory that would encourage attention to the polis element – the openness furnished by the classical polis/city for disputation, rhetoric, performance, ceremony, and the carnivalesque – for political theory and history. The second part develops the concept of the «artful firm», derived from contemporary firm and management theories on «the art firm» and «artful making», to argue for further convergences in related areas of aesthetics and management. Unis vers Cythère begins and ends with essays on the ancient Hellenic twin concepts of «thalassocracy» and «theatrocracy» in their relations to orthodox contemporary theories of political democracy.

Between Terror And Freedom

Author: Simona Goi
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739111840
Size: 52.97 MB
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Between Terror And Freedom. In this volume, Simona Goi and Frederick M. Dolan gather stimulating arguments for the indispensability of fiction including poetry, drama, and film as irreplaceable sites for wrestling with nature, meaning, shortcomings, and the future of modern politics. Between Terror and Freedom brings to the surface an understanding of modernity as a multifaceted and dynamic narrative as it relates to politics, philosophy, and fiction. Collecting essays across fields, Goi and Dolan challenge strict disciplinary boundaries. This is not meant to be read as another contribution to the debate of whether literature is, can, or should be political. Between Terror and Freedom instead reveals how literature illuminates and expands our understanding of philosophical and political questions. Political theorists, philosophers, cultural scholars, and rhetoricians offer a fresh perspective on the questions of our age and the paradoxes of modernity when they read literature."

The Magic Lantern

Author: Timothy Garton Ash
Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd
ISBN: 1782396845
Size: 50.86 MB
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The Magic Lantern. The Magic Lantern is one of those rare books that capture history in the making, written by an author who was witness to some of the most remarkable moments that marked the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe. Timothy Garton Ash was there in Warsaw, on 4 June, when the communist government was humiliated by Solidarity in the first semi-free elections since the Second World War. He was there in Budapest, twelve days later, when Imre Nagy - thirty-one years after his execution - was finally given his proper funeral. He was there in Berlin, as the Wall opened. And most remarkable of all, he was there in Prague, in the back rooms of the Magic Lantern theatre, with Vclav Havel and the members of Civic Forum, as they made their 'Velvet Revolution'.

The Czech Republic

Author: Rick Fawn
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9789058230447
Size: 30.64 MB
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The Czech Republic. A study of the Czech Republic, tracing the practices initiated to achieve what is a strikingly difficult task - the creation of a normal, particular "European" society and nation. It seeks both to show and to interpret what the Czechs have wanted since 1989 but especially since 1993; for, as it is argued here, the Czech Republic is a new entity. The book does not hide a certain Czechophile disposition, but it is also critical of certain aspects of Czech life. The volume hopes to provide the contours of developments in the Czech Republic, to advance and substantiate certain observations, and to provide some indication of the literature available, while refraining from unduly burdening the reader with extensive referencing and parenthetical discussions.