Safer Surgery

Author: Ms Lucy Mitchell
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409486044
Size: 77.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3808

Download Read Online

Safer Surgery. Operating theatres are very private workplaces. There have been few research investigations into how highly trained doctors and nurses work together to achieve safe and efficient anaesthesia and surgery. While there have been major advances in surgical and anaesthetic procedures, there are still significant risks for patients during operations and adverse events are not unknown. Due to rising concern about patient safety, surgeons and anaesthetists have looked for ways of minimising adverse events. Behavioural scientists have been encouraged by clinicians to bring research techniques used in other industries into the operating theatre in order to study the behaviour of surgeons, nurses and anaesthetists. Safer Surgery presents one of the first collections of studies designed to understand the factors influencing safe and efficient surgical, anaesthetic and nursing practice. The book is written by psychologists, surgeons and anaesthetists, whose contributions combine to offer readers the latest research techniques and findings from some of the leading investigators in this field. It is designed for practitioners and researchers interested in understanding the behaviour of operating theatre team members, with a view to enhancing both training and practice. The material is also suitable for those studying behaviour in other areas of healthcare or in high-risk work settings. The aims of the book are to: a) present the latest research on the behaviour of operating theatre teams b) describe the techniques being used by psychologists and clinicians to study surgeons, anaesthetists and theatre nurses' task performance c) outline the safety implications of the research to date.

Crew Resource Management

Author: Earl L. Wiener
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080959009
Size: 61.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6739

Download Read Online

Crew Resource Management. The new edition of Crew Resource Management continues to focus on CRM in the cockpit, but also emphasizes that the concepts and training applications provide generic guidance and lessons learned for a wide variety of "crews" in the aviation system as well as in the complex and high-risk operations of many non-aviation settings. Long considered the "bible" in this field, much of the basic style and structure of the previous edition of Crew Resource Management is retained in the new edition. Textbooks are often heavily supplemented with or replaced entirely by course packs in advanced courses in the aviation field, as it is essential to provide students with cutting edge information from academic researchers, government agencies (FAA), pilot associations, and technology (Boeing, ALION). This edited textbook offers ideal coverage with first-hand information from each of these perspectives. Case examples, which are particularly important given the dangers inherent in real world aviation scenarios, are liberally supplied. An image collection and test bank make this the only text on the market with ancillary support. New material includes: international and cultural aspects of CRM; design and implementation of Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT); airline applications beyond the cockpit; spaceflight resource management; non-aviation applications; AQP; LOSA; and special issues pertaining to low-cost airline carriers. The second edition editors offer essential breath of experience in aviation human factors from multiple perspectives (academia, government, and private enterprise) and the contributors have all been chosen as experts in their fields who represent the diversity of the research of activities and organisational experience of CRM. The only CRM text on the market offering an up-to-date synthesis of primary source material New edition thoroughly updated and revised to include major new findings, complete with discussion of the international and cultural aspects of CRM, the design and implementation of LOFT Instructor website with testbank and image collection Liberal use of case examples

Enhancing Surgical Performance

Author: Rhona Flin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482246333
Size: 15.58 MB
Format: PDF
View: 261

Download Read Online

Enhancing Surgical Performance. Enhancing Surgical Performance: A Primer in Non-Technical Skills explains why non-technical skills are vital for safe and effective performance in the operating theatre. The book provides a full account, with supporting empirical evidence, of the Non-Technical Skills for Surgeons (NOTSS) system and behavioural rating framework, which helps identify the key elements involved in successful operative surgery. The editors spent the last twelve years as part of the team developing and testing the NOTSS system and delivering presentations and workshops across the world. Readers will benefit by having, in one accessible handbook, a description of the NOTSS system and how it can be used for training, assessment, self-reflection and event analysis. The book also examines human error, performance limitations, and global safety initiatives in surgery. Because it encourages surgeons to reflect on their own performance and behaviour, it is suitable for surgeons in all specialties and at all levels.

Key Topics In Surgical Research And Methodology

Author: Thanos Athanasiou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540719151
Size: 69.52 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2651

Download Read Online

Key Topics In Surgical Research And Methodology. Key Topics in Surgical Research and Methodology represents a comprehensive reference text accessible to the surgeon embarking on an academic career. Key themes emphasize and summarize the text. Four key elements are covered, i.e. Surgical Research, Research Methodology, Practical Problems and Solutions on Research as well as Recent Developments and Future Prospects in Surgical Research and Practice.

Who Guidelines For Safe Surgery 2009

Author: World Health Organization (Genève). World Alliance for Patient Safety
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789241598552
Size: 66.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3337

Download Read Online

Who Guidelines For Safe Surgery 2009. Confronted with worldwide evidence of substantial public health harm due to inadequate patient safety, the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 2002 adopted a resolution (WHA55.18) urging countries to strengthen the safety of health care and monitoring systems. The resolution also requested that WHO take a lead in setting global norms and standards and supporting country efforts in preparing patient safety policies and practices. In May 2004, the WHA approved the creation of an international alliance to improve patient safety globally; WHO Patient Safety was launched the following October. For the first time, heads of agencies, policy-makers and patient groups from around the world came together to advance attainment of the goal of "First, do no harm" and to reduce the adverse consequences of unsafe health care. The purpose of WHO Patient Safety is to facilitate patient safety policy and practice. It is concentrating its actions on focused safety campaigns called Global Patient Safety Challenges, coordinating Patients for Patient Safety, developing a standard taxonomy, designing tools for research policy and assessment, identifying solutions for patient safety, and developing reporting and learning initiatives aimed at producing 'best practice' guidelines. Together these efforts could save millions of lives by improving basic health care and halting the diversion of resources from other productive uses. The Global Patient Safety Challenge, brings together the expertise of specialists to improve the safety of care. The area chosen for the first Challenge in 2005-2006, was infection associated with health care. This campaign established simple, clear standards for hand hygiene, an educational campaign and WHO's first Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care. The problem area selected for the second Global Patient Safety Challenge, in 2007-2008, was the safety of surgical care. Preparation of these Guidelines for Safe Surgery followed the steps recommended by WHO. The groundwork for the project began in autumn 2006 and included an international consultation meeting held in January 2007 attended by experts from around the world. Following this meeting, expert working groups were created to systematically review the available scientific evidence, to write the guidelines document and to facilitate discussion among the working group members in order to formulate the recommendations. A steering group consisting of the Programme Lead, project team members and the chairs of the four working groups, signed off on the content and recommendations in the guidelines document. Nearly 100 international experts contributed to the document (see end). The guidelines were pilot tested in each of the six WHO regions--an essential part of the Challenge--to obtain local information on the resources required to comply with the recommendations and information on the feasibility, validity, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the interventions.

Surgical Care At The District Hospital

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241545755
Size: 63.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3715

Download Read Online

Surgical Care At The District Hospital. Many patients who present to district (first-referral) level hospitals require surgical treatment for trauma obstetric abdominal or orthopaedic emergencies. Often surgery cannot be safely postponed to allow their transfer to a secondary or tertiary-level hospital but many district hospitals in developing countries have no specialist surgical teams and are staffed by medical nursing and paramedical personnel who perform a wide range of surgical procedures often with inadequate training. the quality of surgical and acute care is often further constrained by poor facilities inadequate low-technology apparatus and limited supplies of drugs materials and other essentials. the mission of the team responsible for Clinical Procedures in the World Health Organization Department of Essential Health Technologies (EHT) is to promote the quality of clinical care through the identification promotion and standardization of appropriate procedures equipment and materials particularly at district hospital level. WHO/BCT has identified education and training as a particular priority especially for non-specialist practitioners who practise surgery and anaesthesia. It has therefore developed Surgical Care at the District Hospital as a practical resource for individual practitioners and for use in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in-service training and continuing medical education programmes. the manual is a successor of three earlier publications that are widely used throughout the world and that remain important reference texts: General Surgery at the District Hospital (WHO 1988) Surgery at the District Hospital: Obstetrics Gynaecology Orthopaedics and Traumatology (WHO 1991) Anaesthesia at the District Hospital (WHO 1988; second edition 2000). This new manual draws together material from these three publications into a single volume which includes new and updated material as well as material from Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth: a Guide for Midwives and Doctors (WHO 2000). Link to the full training tool kit CD-ROM: WHO Integrated Management for Emergency and Essential Surgical Care (IMEESC) Toolkit CD-ROM Surgical Care at the District Hospital is a compact but comprehensive outline of modern surgical care focusing on fundamental precepts and practical techniques. the illustrations are clear instructive and appropriate. the authors are to be commended on a much improved new edition. Barry J. Gainor MD Chairman Health Volunteers Overseas Professor of Orthopedic Surgery University of Missouri-Columbia ...Indispensable manual for outlying health centres. - International Federation of Surgical Colleges

Surgical Patient Care

Author: Juan A. Sanchez
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319440101
Size: 21.22 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3885

Download Read Online

Surgical Patient Care. This book focuses exclusively on the surgical patient and on the perioperative environment with its unique socio-technical and cultural issues. It covers preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative processes and decision making and explores both sharp-end and latent factors contributing to harm and poor quality outcomes. It is intended to be a resource for all healthcare practitioners that interact with the surgical patient. This book provides a framework for understanding and addressing many of the organizational, technical, and cultural aspects of care to one of the most vulnerable patients in the system, the surgical patient. The first section presents foundational principles of safety science and related social science. The second exposes barriers to achieving optimal surgical outcomes and details the various errors and events that occur in the perioperative environment. The third section contains prescriptive and proactive tools and ways to eliminate errors and harm. The final section focuses on developing continuous quality improvement programs with an emphasis on safety and reliability. Surgical Patient Care: Improving Safety, Quality and Value targets an international audience which includes all hospital, ambulatory and clinic-based operating room personnel as well as healthcare administrators and managers, directors of risk management and patient safety, health services researchers, and individuals in higher education in the health professions. It is intended to provide both fundamental knowledge and practical information for those at the front line of patient care. The increasing interest in patient safety worldwide makes this a timely global topic. As such, the content is written for an international audience and contains materials from leading international authors who have implemented many successful programs.

Risk Management In Medicine

Author: Walter Merkle
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662474077
Size: 32.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4374

Download Read Online

Risk Management In Medicine. To err is human, yet nobody wants to accept this fact. This is especially true in medicine! This book focuses on how human failures can be avoided in the medical context. Experts from different disciplines discuss the underlying causes of such failures and explain the techniques required to reduce their frequency. The principles of risk management are clearly described and lessons to be drawn from risk management in other sectors, such as aviation, are identified. Detailed consideration is given to all relevant risk management systems and tools, including Crew Resource Management (CRM), Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Critical Incident Reporting System (CIRS), Team Time Out (TTO) and Observational Teamwork Assessment for Surgery (OTAS). International legal experts discuss aspects of law relevant to risk management in medicine in the United States and Europe and careful attention is also paid to economic factors, bearing in mind that risk management saves not only lives but also huge amounts of money. This book will be of value to all individuals, organizations and authorities concerned with effective implementation of risk management in hospitals, including doctors, hospital administrators, insurance companies and government departments.

Safety At The Sharp End

Author: Dr Margaret Crichton
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472424018
Size: 16.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3197

Download Read Online

Safety At The Sharp End. Safety at the Sharp End is a general guide to the theory and practice of non-technical skills for safety. It covers the identification, training and evaluation of non-technical skills and has been written for use by individuals who are studying or training these skills on CRM and other safety or human factors courses. The material is also suitable for undergraduate and post-experience students studying human factors or industrial safety programmes.

Leadership In Surgery

Author: Melina R. Kibbe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319111078
Size: 32.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2491

Download Read Online

Leadership In Surgery. How does one become a successful leader? This book teaches the theories and concepts behind leadership and explains the skills and traits needed to become a good leader. Teaching surgical faculty and trainees (i.e., residents and fellows) how to successfully lead will create more effective surgeon leaders. The skills and theories reviewed in this Volume are highly useful for numerous leadership situations, ranging from heading a committee, leading a research laboratory, directing a clinical effort, leading a Division, leading a Department, among others. By gathering these skills and theories into one comprehensive, portable book, more readers will have access to them.