Scribal Authorship And The Writing Of History In Medieval England

Author: Matthew Fisher
Publisher: Buster Books
ISBN: 9780814211984
Size: 25.44 MB
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Scribal Authorship And The Writing Of History In Medieval England. Based on new readings of some of the least-read texts by some of the best-known scribes of later medieval England, Scribal Authorship and the Writing of History in Medieval England reconceptualizes medieval scribes as authors, and the texts surviving in medieval manuscripts as authored. Culling evidence from history writing in later medieval England, Matthew Fisher concludes that we must reject the axiomatic division between scribe and author. Using the peculiarities of authority and intertextuality unique to medieval historiography, Fisher exposes the rich ambiguities of what it means for medieval scribes to “write” books. He thus frames the composition, transmission, and reception—indeed, the authorship—of some medieval texts as scribal phenomena. History writing is an inherently intertextual genre: in order to write about the past, texts must draw upon other texts. Scribal Authorship demonstrates that medieval historiography relies upon quotation, translation, and adaptation in such a way that the very idea that there is some line that divides author from scribe is an unsustainable and modern critical imposition. Given the reality that a scribe's work was far more nuanced than the simplistic binary of error and accuracy would suggest, Fisher completely overturns many of our assumptions about the processes through which manuscripts were assembled and texts (both canonical literature and the less obviously literary) were composed.

Modes Of Authorship In The Middle Ages

Author: Ingvil Brügger Budal
Publisher: Pontifical Inst of Medieval studies
ISBN: 9780888448224
Size: 16.16 MB
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Modes Of Authorship In The Middle Ages. A collection of articles that build on papers originally presented at the conference "Tradition and the Individual Talent: Modes of Authorship in the Middle Ages" organized by the University of Bergen, Centre for Medieval Studies, Nov. 17-19, 2008.

Invention Authorship In Medi

Author: Robert R. Edwards
Publisher: Interventions: New Studies Med
ISBN: 9780814254103
Size: 41.69 MB
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Invention Authorship In Medi. Robert R. Edward's Invention and Authorship in Medieval England examines the ways in which writers established themselves as authors in medieval England. It offers a critical appraisal of authorship in literary culture and shows how the conventions of authorship are used aesthetically by major writers of the period.

Openness Secrecy Authorship

Author: Pamela O. Long
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801866067
Size: 78.84 MB
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Openness Secrecy Authorship. In today's world of intellectual property disputes, industrial espionage, and book signings by famous authors, one easily loses sight of the historical nature of the attribution and ownership of texts. In Openness, Secrecy, Authorship: Technical Arts and the Culture of Knowledge from Antiquity to the Renaissance, Pamela Long combines intellectual history with the history of science and technology to explore the culture of authorship. Using classical Greek as well as medieval and Renaissance European examples, Long traces the definitions, limitations, and traditions of intellectual and scientific creation and attribution. She examines these attitudes as they pertain to the technical and the practical. Although Long's study follows a chronological development, this is not merely a general work. Long is able to examine events and sources within their historical context and locale. By looking at Aristotelian ideas of Praxis, Techne, and Episteme. She explains the tension between craft and ideas, authors and producers. She discusses, with solid research and clear prose, the rise, wane, and resurgence of priority in the crediting and lionizing of authors. Long illuminates the creation and re-creation of ideas like "trade secrets," "plagiarism," "mechanical arts," and "scribal culture." Her historical study complicates prevailing assumptions while inviting a closer look at issues that define so much of our society and thought to this day. She argues that "a useful working definition of authorship permits a gradation of meaning between the poles of authority and originality," and guides us through the term's nuances with clarity rarely matched in a historical study.

Scribal Culture And The Making Of The Hebrew Bible

Author: Karel Van der Toorn
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674032543
Size: 42.77 MB
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Scribal Culture And The Making Of The Hebrew Bible. The scribes of ancient Israel are indeed the main figures behind the Hebrew Bible, and this book tells their story for the first time. Drawing comparisons with the scribal practices of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, van der Toorn details the methods, assumptions, and material means that gave rise to biblical texts. Traditionally seen as the copycats of antiquity, the scribes emerge here as the literate elite who held the key to the production and the transmission of texts.

The Transmission Of Beowulf

Author: Leonard Neidorf
Publisher: Myth and Poetics II
ISBN: 9781501705113
Size: 21.43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Transmission Of Beowulf. Beowulf, like The Iliad and The Odyssey, is a foundational work of Western literature that originated in mysterious circumstances. In The Transmission of "Beowulf," Leonard Neidorf addresses philological questions that are fundamental to the study of the poem. Is Beowulf the product of unitary or composite authorship? How substantially did scribes alter the text during its transmission, and how much time elapsed between composition and preservation? Neidorf answers these questions by distinguishing linguistic and metrical regularities, which originate with the Beowulf poet, from patterns of textual corruption, which descend from copyists involved in the poem's transmission. He argues, on the basis of archaic features that pervade Beowulf and set it apart from other Old English poems, that the text preserved in the sole extant manuscript (ca. 1000) is essentially the work of one poet who composed it circa 700. Of course, during the poem's written transmission, several hundred scribal errors crept into its text. These errors are interpreted in the central chapters of the book as valuable evidence for language history, cultural change, and scribal practice. Neidorf's analysis reveals that the scribes earnestly attempted to standardize and modernize the text's orthography, but their unfamiliarity with obsolete words and ancient heroes resulted in frequent errors. The Beowulf manuscript thus emerges from his study as an indispensible witness to processes of linguistic and cultural change that took place in England between the eighth and eleventh centuries. An appendix addresses J. R. R. Tolkien's Beowulf: A Translation and Commentary, which was published in 2014. Neidorf assesses Tolkien's general views on the transmission of Beowulf and evaluates his position on various textual issues.

Scribal Correction And Literary Craft

Author: Daniel Wakelin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316062120
Size: 68.22 MB
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Scribal Correction And Literary Craft. This extensive survey of scribal correction in English manuscripts explores what correcting reveals about attitudes to books, language and literature in late medieval England. Daniel Wakelin surveys a range of manuscripts and genres, but focuses especially on poems by Chaucer, Hoccleve and Lydgate, and on prose works such as chronicles, religious instruction and practical lore. His materials are the variants and corrections found in manuscripts, phenomena usually studied only by editors or palaeographers, but his method is the close reading and interpretation typical of literary criticism. From the corrections emerge often overlooked aspects of English literary thinking in the late Middle Ages: scribes, readers and authors seek, though often fail to achieve, invariant copying, orderly spelling, precise diction, regular verse and textual completeness. Correcting reveals their impressive attention to scribal and literary craft – its rigour, subtlety, formalism and imaginativeness – in an age with little other literary criticism in English.

William Langland S Piers Plowman

Author: William Langland
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812215618
Size: 14.31 MB
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William Langland S Piers Plowman . Presents a translation of the poet's third version of the text

Author Reader Book

Author: Stephen Partridge
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802099343
Size: 78.55 MB
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Author Reader Book. Incorporating several kinds of scholarship on medieval authorship, the essays examine interrelated questions raised by the relationship between an author and a reader, the relationships between authors and their antecedents, and the ways in which authorship interacts with the physical presentation of texts in books.