War Is Not Inevitable

Author: Henri Parens
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739195298
Size: 21.59 MB
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War Is Not Inevitable. In 1932 Einstein asked Freud, ‘Is there any way of delivering mankind from the menace of war?’ Freud answered that war is inevitable because humans have an instinct to self-destroy, a death instinct which we must externalize to survive. But nearly four decades of study of aggression reveal that rather than being an inborn drive, destructiveness is generated in us by experiences of excessive psychic pain. In War is Not Inevitable: On the Psychology of War and Aggression, Henri Parens argues that the death-instinct based model of aggression can neither be proved nor disproved as Freud’s answer is untestable. By contrast, the ‘multi-trends theory of aggression’ is provable and has greater heuristic value than does a death-instinct based model of aggression. When we look for causes for war we turn to history as well as national, ethnic, territorial, and or political issues, among many others, but we also tend to ignore the psychological factors that play a large role. Parens discusses such psychological factors that seem to lead large groups into conflict. Central among these are the psychodynamics of large-group narcissism. Interactional conditions stand out: hyper-narcissistic large-groups have, in history, caused much narcissistic injury to those they believe they are superior to. But this is commonly followed by the narcissistically injured group’s experiencing high level hostile destructiveness toward their injury-perpetrator which, in time, will compel them to revenge. Among groups that have been engaged in serial conflicts, wars have followed from this psychodynamic narcissism-based cyclicity. Parens details some of the psychodynamics that led from World War I to World War II and their respective aftermath, and he addresses how major factors that gave rise to these wars must, can, and have been counteracted. In doing so, Parens considers strategies by which civilization has and is constructively preventing wars, as well as the need for further innovative efforts to achieve that end.

Sino Soviet Dialogue On The Problem Of War

Author: S. Yin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401030529
Size: 39.44 MB
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Sino Soviet Dialogue On The Problem Of War. The author has spent upwards of ten years in working on this book. His objective is to clarify the military aspect of the Moscow-Peking dialogue which has not yet received its deserved treatment. The apogee of that dialogue seems to have been passed toward the end of the rule of Khrushchev. Yet the Vietnam war spawns fresh contention. Our cover age will span the development from I956 to the present. The beginning of the dispute with regard to the origins of war in general is taken up in the first two chapters. The next three chapters discuss the several types of war with the frame of reference set in what now appears to be a quondam era. But the principle differences between the disputants are just as outstanding today as they were then. The penultimate chapter is somewhat wide in scope in order to deal with the larger and more intensely bitter polemics evolving after Khrushchev left office. There have been many new and startling views held by both sides since then, views splitting them poles apart. Omi nously at issue now is the question of Sino-Soviet peaceful coexistence. Our work, obviously, cannot wait until that question is answered to be finished. The final chapter concludes our study. To write of subjects as dynamic as this one is a challenge because they are current affairs. Due to the swift change of events, no sooner is our typescript put to press than it needs a revision.

Bread Not Bombs

Author: Douglas J. Roche
Publisher: University of Alberta
ISBN: 9780888643575
Size: 53.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Bread Not Bombs. Housing, health, and education services are desperately needed for the world's poorest people but instead, governments spend billions on war. The international community must be mobilized to provide human security, and Senator Roche asserts that this is where Canada can play a crucial role.

They Were Soldiers

Author: Ann Jones
Publisher: Haymarket Books
ISBN: 1608463877
Size: 59.32 MB
Format: PDF
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They Were Soldiers. "Unsparing, scathingly direct, and gut-wrenching."—Andrew Bacevich "Jones writes with passion and clarity."—Marilyn Young "Read this book."—Jonathan Shay Ann Jones shows the dead, wounded, mutilated, brain-damaged, drug-addicted, suicidal, homicidal casualties of our distant wars, taking us on a stunning journey from the devastating moment an American soldier is first wounded in rural Afghanistan to the return home. Beautifully written by an empathetic and critical reporter who knows the price of war. Ann Jones is a journalist, photographer, and the author of eight books of nonfiction.

Forecast And Solution

Author: Ike Jeanes
Publisher: Ike Jeanes
ISBN: 9780936015620
Size: 61.68 MB
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Forecast And Solution. EVERYONE'S GUIDE - FORECAST & SOLUTION introduces new, easy-to-use statistical methods so that the reader can answer the questions: How long will nuclear peace tend to continue? And, what can be done to extend it further? Dietrich Fischer, a past MacArthur Fellow at Princeton, was emphatic: "This is an original & highly readable contribution to the most important issue facing humanity today - surviving the nuclear threat. Jeanes combines lucid common sense with mathematical rigor in this landmark work. Anyone with an interest in having a future should read this work." Similarly, another distinguished scholar & author in the field declared, "It was more than interesting: it was completely fascinating." The general literate reader can assess when a nuclear use (small or otherwise) would tend to occur at probabilities from 1% to 99.9%, & what precisely can be done to forestall such use. Jeanes debunks deterrence theory, illustrates consequences of proliferation, & provides a unified explanation for warfare, conventional & nuclear. A comprehensive work - ethical, political, historical, analytical. 100+ Graphs & Tables, 1,500+ footnotes. TOLL-FREE, 24 hours-a-day, credit card line (800) 448-3330; Publisher: (800) 446-0467.

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Communism

Author: Stephen Anthony Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199602050
Size: 75.44 MB
Format: PDF
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The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Communism. Draws on documentation released since the fall of the Soviet Union to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century.

India And The South Asian Strategic Triangle

Author: Ashok Kapur
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136902619
Size: 45.24 MB
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India And The South Asian Strategic Triangle. This book traces the triangular strategic relationship of India, Pakistan and China over the second half of the twentieth century, and shows how two enmities – Sino-Indian and Indo-Pakistani – and one friendship – Sino-Pakistani – defined the distribution of power and the patterns of relationships in a major centre of gravity of international conflict and international change. The three powers are tied to each other and their actions reflect their view of strategic and cultural problems and geopolitics in a volatile area. The book considers internal debates within the three countries; zones of conflict, including northeast and northwest south Asia, the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean; and the impact of developments in nuclear weapons and missile technology. It examines the destructive consequences of China’s harsh methods in Tibet, of China’s encouragement of military rather than democratic regimes in Pakistan, and of China’s delay in dealing with the border disputes with India. Ashok Kapur shows how the Nehru-Chou rhetoric about "peaceful co-existence" affected the relationship, and how the dynamics of the relationship have changed significantly in recent years as a range of new factors - including India’s increasing closeness to the United States - have moved the relationship into a new phase.