Women The Bureaucracy And Daily Life In Postwar Moscow 1945 1953

Author: Greta Bucher
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 38.24 MB
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Women The Bureaucracy And Daily Life In Postwar Moscow 1945 1953. This monograph examines the Soviet state's attempt to rebuild and repopulate following World War II by offering to support families while encouraging women to enter the full-time work force. However, combined with the realities of postwar life and broken promises, this program was lacking and forced women to adopt their own survival strategies. The conflict between economic reality and the state's demands dictated the shape of women's lives as they attempted to balance both domestic concerns and professional advancement. This study scrutinizes a society that loudly proclaimed sexual equality and support for women workers, but these goals were never feasible because of the failure of the state to provide the structures necessary for equality.

Demobilized Veterans In Late Stalinist Leningrad

Author: Robert Dale
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472590783
Size: 71.37 MB
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Demobilized Veterans In Late Stalinist Leningrad. This book investigates the demobilization and post-war readjustment of Red Army veterans in Leningrad and its environs after the Great Patriotic War. Over 300,000 soldiers were stood down in this war-ravaged region between July 1945 and 1948. They found the transition to civilian life more challenging than many could ever have imagined. For civilian Leningraders, reintegrating the rapid influx of former soldiers represented an enormous political, economic, social and cultural challenge. In this book, Robert Dale reveals how these former soldiers became civilians in a society devastated and traumatized by total warfare. Dale discusses how, and how successfully, veterans became ordinary citizens. Based on extensive original research in local and national archives, oral history interviews and the examination of various newspaper collections, Demobilized Veterans in Late Stalinist Leningrad peels back the myths woven around demobilization, to reveal a darker history repressed by society and concealed from historiography. While propaganda celebrated this disarmament as a smooth process which reunited veterans with their families, reintegrated them into the workforce and facilitated upward social mobility, the reality was rarely straightforward. Many veterans were caught up in the scramble for work, housing, healthcare and state hand-outs. Others drifted to the social margins, criminality or became the victims of post-war political repression. Demobilized Veterans in Late Stalinist Leningrad tells the story of both the failure of local representatives to support returning Soviet soldiers, and the remarkable resilience and creativity of veterans in solving the problems created by their return to society. It is a vital study for all scholars and students of post-war Soviet history and the impact of war in the modern era.

Stalinist Society

Author: Mark Edele
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191613673
Size: 32.32 MB
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Stalinist Society. Stalinist Society offers a fresh analytical overview of the complex social formation ruled over by Stalin and his henchmen from the late 1920s to the early 1950s. Drawing on declassified archival materials, interviews with former Soviet citizens, old and new memoirs, and personal diaries, as well as the best of sixty years of scholarship, this book offers a non-reductionist account of social upheaval and social cohesion in a society marred by violence. Combining the perspectives from above and from below, the book integrates recent writing on everyday life, culture and entertainment, ideology and politics, terror and welfare, consumption and economics. Utilizing the latest archival research on the evolution of Soviet society during and after World War II, this study also integrates the entire history of Stalinism from the late 1920s to the dictator's death in 1953. Breaking radically with current scholarly consensus, Mark Edele shows that it was not ideology, terror, or state control which held this society together, but the harsh realities of making a living in a chaotic economy which the rulers claimed to plan and control, but which in fact they could only manage haphazardly.

From Ruins To Reconstruction

Author: Karl D. Qualls
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801447624
Size: 77.18 MB
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From Ruins To Reconstruction. Based on extensive research in archives in both Moscow and Sevastopol, architectural plans and drawings, interviews, and his own extensive experience in Sevastopol, Qualls tells a unique story in which the periphery "bests" the Stalinist center.

Stalinism On The Frontier Of Empire

Author: Elena Shulman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521896673
Size: 44.42 MB
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Stalinism On The Frontier Of Empire. A fascinating history of frontier Stalinism that sheds new light on the nature of Soviet society and Stalinism in the 1930s.

The Hazards Of Urban Life In Late Stalinist Russia

Author: Donald Filtzer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113948575X
Size: 63.71 MB
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The Hazards Of Urban Life In Late Stalinist Russia. This is the first detailed study of the standard of living of ordinary Russians following World War II. It examines urban living conditions under the Stalinist regime with a focus on the key issues of sanitation, access to safe water supplies, personal hygiene and anti-epidemic controls, diet and nutrition, and infant mortality. Comparing five key industrial regions, it shows that living conditions lagged some fifty years behind Western European norms. The book reveals that, despite this, the years preceding Stalin's death saw dramatic improvements in mortality rates thanks to the application of rigorous public health controls and Western medical innovations. While tracing these changes, the book also analyzes the impact that the absence of an adequate urban infrastructure had on people's daily lives and on the relationship between the Stalinist regime and the Russian people, and, finally, how the Soviet experience compared to that of earlier industrializing societies.

Return To Diversity

Author: Joseph Rothschild
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195334753
Size: 39.57 MB
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Return To Diversity. An engaging and straightforward political narrative, the book is organised chronologically, in a country-by-country format that makes information easily accessible to students. Each section features comments summarising and examining the most important themes of Eastern Europe during the rise and fall of Communism.

Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists

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Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 35.19 MB
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Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists. The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid

Author: Robert J. Sternberg
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300128207
Size: 14.24 MB
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Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid. One need not look far to find breathtaking acts of stupidity committed by people who are smart, or even brilliant. The behavior of smart individuals—from presidents to prosecutors to professors—is at times so amazingly stupid as to seem inexplicable. Why do otherwise intelligent people think and behave in ways so stupid that they sometimes destroy their livelihoods or even their lives? This book is the first devoted to investigating what the most current psychological research can tell us about stupidity in everyday life. The contributors to the volume, renowned scholars in various areas of human intelligence, present fascinating examples of people messing up their lives, and they offer insights into the reasons for such behavior. From a variety of perspectives, the contributors discuss: • The nature and theory of stupidity • How stupidity contributes to stupid behavior • Whether stupidity is measurable While many millions of dollars are spent each year on intelligence research and testing to determine who has the ability to succeed, next to nothing is spent to determine who will make use of their intelligence and not squander it by behaving stupidly. Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid focuses on the neglected side of this discussion, reviewing the full range of theory and research on stupid behavior and analyzing what it tells us about how people can avoid stupidity and its devastating consequences.

Reproductive Politics

Author: Rickie Solinger
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199811415
Size: 12.51 MB
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Reproductive Politics. A concise, comprehensive guide to reproductive politics in America