Written On The Body

Author: Jane Caplan
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Size: 66.47 MB
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Written On The Body. A thorough and absorbing discussion of tattooing from both historical and cultural perspectives. The irreversible tattoo has traditionally been seen as alien to Western culture and people with tattoos have been, and arguably still are, regarded as outsiders. Greek vases from the 4th century BC portrayed tattooed enemies, much as 19th-century historians and artists pictured painted Picts. The tradition of marking criminals or victims with tattoos also originated in the classical world. Romans commonly tattooed Christians before punishment but this popularised the tattoo as a symbol of martyrdom amongst the Christian community. Some medieval Christians continued the practice by using Pilgrim tattoos to announce their faith just as modern soldiers mark themselves with regiment tattoos. This collection of fourteen essays concludes with a discussion of the West's enthusiasm and fascination following the discovery of North America's tattooed tribes and reasons for the modern revival in tattoos across America and Europe.

Writing On The Body Thinking Through Gendered Embodiment And Marked Flesh

Author: Kay Inckle
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443808725
Size: 76.95 MB
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Writing On The Body Thinking Through Gendered Embodiment And Marked Flesh. This groundbreaking piece of work establishes a “position of embodiment” as an ethically salient epistemological and empirical strategy for understanding, representing, and experiencing gendered embodiment and marked flesh. Developing an embodied, feminist critique of the sociology of the body, the author integrates this position with some of the most recent developments in qualitative methodologies and creative research practices in order to engage with, and represent, women’s experiences of body-marking. As such, the specific body practices which are addressed, “body modification” and “self-injury,” are refigured in the context of a feminist, embodied position. This position of embodiment not only establishes a holistic, non-dualistic orientation from which to experience and explore gendered embodiment and body-marking practices, but in doing so, also highlights the limitations of normative dualistic, disembodied theories and methods which objectify and distance the very experiences they purport to explain. Overall, this exploration is a provoking, moving and often uncomfortable journey into the imperatives of gendered embodiment, abject corporeality, blood and pain, and the practices which mark the body and evoke and transform the gendered, embodied self. This is a courageous, beautifully written, evocative, and thought provoking book that takes the reader on an intimate journey into the misunderstood world of body marking practices. As part of the journey, Inckle provides a range of insights into the fluid, ambiguous, and complex forms of embodiment experienced by women over time. The reflexive stance she adopts throughout enables the reader to chart her emerging awareness of methodological dilemmas and the inherent tensions she experiences in trying to resolve them in relation to feminist ethical positions. As part of this process, she challenges the norms of knowledge production and dissolves the disciplinary boundaries that frame much of the current debate on embodiment and body marking practices. Inckle 's findings offer a powerful critique of dominant research perspectives that focus on the body and she makes a strong case for the development of a feminist-embodied-sociology in the future. As such, this book will be of immense interest to sociologists and psychologists with an interest in the body and the dynamics of embodiment as well as to scholars seeking to develop their understanding of key methodological issues. Professor Andrew C. Sparkes PhD Exeter University This book is based on one of the best methodological approaches I have come across. Supported by materials from a wide variety of disciplines, it is reflexively argued, and Dr Inckle charts new grounds in her trajectory from feminist methodologies to creative sociology, searching for new ways of producing knowledge and radically broadening the sociological research agenda to include ‘stories that come out of the body’. I particularly like the way Dr Inckle develops feminist research methodologies, critiquing participatory approaches as often difficult to implement, and the fearless, yet highly problematic, positioning of the ‘researching I’ at the centre of the research process. Dr Ronit Lentin, Department of Sociology Trinity College Dublin

Author: Джон Э. Раш
Publisher: Издательская группа "Весь"
ISBN: 5957320307
Size: 50.54 MB
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Cultural Bodies

Author: Helen Thomas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470776943
Size: 59.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Cultural Bodies. Cultural Bodies: Ethnography and Theory is a unique collection that integrates two increasingly key areas of social and cultural research: the body and ethnography. Breaks new ground in an area of study that continues to be a central theme of debate and research across the humanities and social sciences Draws on ethnography as a useful means of exploring our everyday social and cultural environments Constitutes an important step in developing two key areas of study, the body and ethnography, and the relationship between them Brings together an international and multi-disciplinary team of scholars

Author: Мария Медникова
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5457067955
Size: 20.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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. В отличие от других способов менять свою внешность – причесок или грима – татуировка остается навсегда. Неслучайно в глазах многих древних народов ее нанесение было делом нелегкомысленным. Когда-то жители Борнео верили, что их рисунки действуют как факелы, освещая путь умершим в кромешной темноте царства мертвых. Древние греки и римляне использовали татуировки как наказание. Для алтайских скифов наколка служила воплощением священного текста. Чем же объяснить современную популярность манипуляций с телом? Может быть, первобытное мышление не покинуло нас безвозвратно?В книге антрополога, доктора исторических наук М. Б. Медниковой татуировки и прочие неизгладимые знаки искусственного происхождения на теле человека рассматриваются как исторический источник. Привлекаются свидетельства археологии, физической и социальной антропологии, фольклористики, анализируются памятники древней письменности. Книга содержит разработку оригинальных научных идей, подаваемых, по возможности, в достаточно популярной манере, что позволит воспользоваться этими данными специалистам разных отраслей знания.Издание предназначено для антропологов, культурологов, историков, археологов и самого широкого круга читателей.

Identifying The English

Author: Edward Higgs
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 144113560X
Size: 36.12 MB
Format: PDF
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Identifying The English. Personal identification is very much a live political issue in Britain and this book looks at why this is the case, and why, paradoxically, the theft of identity has become ever more common as the means of identification have multiplied. Identifying the English looks not only at how criminals have been identified - branding, fingerprinting, DNA - but also at the identification of the individual with seals and signatures, of the citizen by means of passports and ID cards, and of the corpse. Beginning his history in the medieval period, Edward Higgs reveals how it was not the Industrial Revolution that brought the most radical changes in identification techniques, as many have assumed, but rather the changing nature of the State and commerce, and their relationship with citizens and customers. In the twentieth century the very different historical techniques have converged on the holding of information on databases, and increasingly on biometrics, and the multiplication of these external databases outside the control of individuals has continued to undermine personal identity security.

Performing The Past

Author: Karin Tilmans
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9089642056
Size: 16.47 MB
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Performing The Past. Karin Tilmans is an historian, and academic coordinator of the Max Weber Programme at the European University Institute, Florence. Frank van Vree is an historian and professor of journalism at the University of Amsterdam. Jay M. Winter is the Charles J. Stille Professor of History at Yale. --

Inked Tattoos And Body Art Around The World 2 Volumes

Author: Margo DeMello
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610690761
Size: 38.17 MB
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Inked Tattoos And Body Art Around The World 2 Volumes . In recent decades, tattoos have gone from being a subculture curiosity in Western culture to mainstream and commonplace. This two-volume set provides broad coverage of tattooing and body art in the United States today as well as around the world and throughout human history. • Provides the most complete global overview of tattooing and body art as it exists today and throughout history, available in one resource • Addresses the major practices, their historical and cross-cultural locations, and the major cultural groups and places in which tattooing has played a central role in social and cultural practices • Covers individuals who helped popularize tattooing, the major theoretical issues surrounding tattooing, the laws and customs regarding tattooing, the many ways in which tattooing has played a role in various marketing and advertising campaigns, and the social movements that have influenced or been affected by tattooing • Includes a comprehensive list of resources such as magazines, organizations, websites, and museums devoted to tattooing as well as a glossary and comprehensive bibliography

Probing The Skin

Author: Caroline Rosenthal
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 144387518X
Size: 25.70 MB
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Probing The Skin. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, this volume explores representations of skin in literature, art, art history, visual media, and medicine and its history. The essays collected here probe the symbolic potential of skin as a shifting sign in various historical and cultural contexts, and also examine the material and organic properties of the body’s largest organ. They deal with skin as a sensual organ, as an interface or contact zone, as the visual marker of identity, and as a lieu de memoire in different periods and media. In its material characteristics, skin is regarded as a medium, a canvas, a surface, and an object of both artistic and medical investigations. The contributions investigate representations of skin in sculpture, painting, film, and fictional, as well as non-fictional, texts from the 16th century to the present. The topics addressed here include the problematic representation of racial identity via skin colour in various media; the sensual qualities of the skin, such as smell or taste; the form and function of tattoos as markers of personal, as well as collective, identity; and scars as signifiers of personal pain and collective suffering.

The American Middle Class An Economic Encyclopedia Of Progress And Poverty 2 Volumes

Author: Robert S. Rycroft
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610697588
Size: 33.82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The American Middle Class An Economic Encyclopedia Of Progress And Poverty 2 Volumes . What is the "American Dream"? This book's author argues that contrary to what many believe, it is not achieving the wealth necessary to enter the top one percent but rather becoming members of the great middle class by dint of hard work and self-discipline. • Includes content related to all the themes of the National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies and the Common Core requirements for primary documents and critical thinking exercises • Focuses on the intersections of middle class society to current issues of interest and policy debates, including diversity, gender, taxation, race, minimum wage, unions, student loan interest rates, school closings, and labor issues • Documents the perspectives of the major economists of each era on the middle class